Online student orientation in higher education: a developmental study
- 2.3k Downloads
Although orientation for online students is important to their success, little information about how to develop an online student orientation (OSO) has appeared in the literature; therefore, the purpose of this article was to describe the entire process of developing an OSO. This article describes the analysis, design, development, and evaluation phases of the OSO in higher education. The orientation consists of four modules titled as follows: (a) What is the nature of online learning? (b) How to learn in Blackboard (c) What are the technical requirements to take an online course? and (d) What learning skills and motivations are necessary for online learning? Formative evaluation was conducted to improve the initially developed OSO program. Summative evaluation showed the OSO program can be useful for future online students. Discussion and future direction of OSO program are provided.
KeywordsOnline student orientation Online learning Distance education
- Ali, R., & Leeds, E. (2009). The impact of classroom orientation in online student retention. Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration, 12(4). Retrieved from http://www.westga.edu/~distance/ojdla/winter124/ali124.html.
- Allen, I. E., & Seaman, J. (2009). Learning on demand: Online education in the United States. Babson Survey Research Group and the Sloan Consortium. Retrieved from http://sloanconsortium.org/publications/survey/pdf/learningondemand.pdf.
- Anderton, B. (2006). Using the online course to promote self-regulated learning strategies in pre-service teachers. Journal of Interactive Online Learning, 5(2), 156–177.Google Scholar
- Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
- Bandura, A. (2006). Guide for constructing self-efficacy scales. In F. Pajares & T. Urdan (Eds.), Self-efficacy beliefs of adolescents (Vol. 5, pp. 307–337). Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing.Google Scholar
- Bozarth, J., Chapman, D. D., & LaMonica, L. (2004). Preparing for distance learning: Designing an online student orientation. Educational Technology & Society, 7(1), 87–106.Google Scholar
- Cho, M.-H. (2008). The development of online self-regulated learning model and initial validation of human interaction component of online self-regulated learning. Doctoral dissertation, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO.Google Scholar
- Cho, M.-H., Shen, D., & Laffey, J. (2010). Relationships between self-regulation and social experiences in asynchronous online learning environments. Journal of Interactive Learning Research, 21, 297–316.Google Scholar
- Dick, W., & Carey, L. (1996). The systematic design of instruction (4th ed.). New York: Harper-Collins.Google Scholar
- Hatcher, L. (1994). Step-by-step approach to using the SAS system for factor analysis and structural equation modeling. Cary, NC: SAS Institute.Google Scholar
- Holcomb, L. B., King, F. B., & Brown, S. W. (2004). Student traits and attributes contributing to success in online courses: Evaluation of university online courses. Journal of Interactive Online Learning, 2(3). Retrieved from http://www.ncolr.org/jiol/issues/viewarticle.cfm?volID=2&IssueID=8&ArticleID=34&Source=2.
- Ko, S., & Rossen, S. (2004). Teaching online: A practical guide (2nd ed.). Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin.Google Scholar
- McInnerney, J. M., & Roberts, T. S. (2004). Online learning: social interaction and the creation of a sense of community. Educational Technology & Society, 7(3), 73–81.Google Scholar
- McVay, M. (2000). Developing a web-based distance student orientation to enhance student success in an online bachelor’s degree completion program. Unpublished practicum report, Nova Southestern University, Florida.Google Scholar
- Nash, R. D. (2005). Course completion rates among distance learners: Identifying possible methods to improve retention. Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration, 8(4). Retrieved from http://www.westga.edu/~distance/ojdla/winter84/nash84.htm.
- Palloff, R. M., & Pratt, K. (2003). The virtual student: A profile and guide to working with online learners. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
- Pett, M. A., Lackey, N. R., & Sullivan, J. J. (2003). Making sense of factor analysis: The use of factor analysis for instrument development in health care research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
- Roper, A. R. (2007). How students develop online learning skills. EDUCAUSE Quarterly, 1, 62–65.Google Scholar
- Rossett, A. (1987). Training needs assessment. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Educational Technology Publications.Google Scholar
- Scagnoli, N. (2001). Student orientation for online programs. Journal of Research on Technology in Education, 34(1), 19–27.Google Scholar
- Schrum, L., & Hong, S. (2002). Dimensions and strategies for online success: Voices from experienced educators. Journal of Asynchronous Networks, 6(1), 57–67.Google Scholar
- Wojciechowski, A., & Palmer, L. B. (2005). Individual student characteristics: Can any be predictors of success in online classes? Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration, 8(2). Retrieved from http://www.westga.edu/~distance/ojdla/summer82/wojciechowski82.htm.