Mālama I Ka ‘Āina, Sustainability: learning from Hawai‘i’s displaced place and culture-based science standard
- 213 Downloads
This response to Mitchell and Mueller’s “A philosophical analysis of David Orr’s theory of ecological literacy” comments on their critique of Orr’s use of the phrase “ecological crisis” and what I perceive as their conflicting views of “crisis.” I present my views on ecological crisis informed by standpoint theory and the definition of crisis as turning point. I connect the concept of turning point to tipping point as used in ecology to describe potentially irreversible changes in coupled social-ecological systems. I suggest that sustainable societies may provide models of adaptive learning in which monitoring of ecological phenomena is coupled to human behavior to mitigate threats to sustainability before a crisis/tipping point is reached. Finally, I discuss the Hawai‘i State Department of Education’s removal of its Indigenous science content standard Mālama I Ka ‘Āina, Sustainability and its continued use in community-based projects.
KeywordsSustainability Tipping point Standpoint theory Adaptive learning
- Cajete, G. (2000). Native science: Natural laws of interdependence. Santa Fe: Clear Light Publishers.Google Scholar
- Chinn, P. W. U. (2008). Connecting traditional ecological knowledge and Western Science: The role of native Hawaiian teachers in sustainability science. In A. Rodriguez (Ed.), The multiple faces of agency: Innovative strategies for effecting change in urban school contexts (pp. 1–27). Rotterdam: Sense Publishers.Google Scholar
- Chinn, P. W. U. (2010). Science, culture, education, and social–ecological systems: A study of transdisciplinary literacies in student discourse during a place-based and culture-based Polynesian voyaging program. In A. Sumi, K. Fukushi, & A. Hiramatsu (Eds.), Adaptation and mitigation strategies for climate change (pp. 249–265). Tokyo: Springer.Google Scholar
- Dudgeon, R. C., & Berkes, F. (2003). Local understandings of the land: Traditional ecological knowledge and indigenous knowledge. In H. Selin (Ed.), Nature across cultures: Views of nature and the environment in non-Western cultures (pp. 75–96). New York: Kluwer Academic Publishers.Google Scholar
- Eldredge, L. G., & Evenhuis, N. L. (2003). Hawaii’s biodiversity: A detailed assessment of the numbers of species in the Hawaiian Islands. Records of the Hawaii Biological Survey for 2001-2002. Bishop Museum Occasional Papers, 76, 1–28.Google Scholar
- Goldenberg, S. (2010). World’s smallest seahorse faces extinction after BP oil spill. Retrieved September 7, 2010 from http://www.g0uardian.co.uk/environment/2010/sep/07/seahorse-extinction-bp-oil-spill.
- Gon, S., 3rd. (2003). Application of traditional ecological knowledge and practices of indigenous Hawaiians to the revegetation of Kaho‘olawe. Ethnobotany Research and Applications, 1, 5–20.Google Scholar
- Harding, S. (2003). A world of sciences. In R. Figueroa & S. Harding (Eds.), Science and other cultures: Issues in philosophies of science and technology (pp. 49–69). NY: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Hawaii—rich in endemic biodiversity and the US region most susceptible to biological invasions. Retrieved June 28, 2010 from http://www.hawaiiconservation.org/_library/documents/hispecialprotectionneeds.pdf.
- Ka Nupepa Kuokoa (1923). Ka ho’opakele ‘ana i nā i’a, Saving the fish. Retrieved November 6, 2010 from http://seagrant.soest.hawaii.edu/sites/seagrant.soest.hawaii.edu/files/shared/ka_hoopakele_ana_i_na_ia_website_0.pdf.
- Kanahele, G. (1986). Kū kanaka, stand tall: A search for Hawaiian values. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.Google Scholar
- Lave, J., & Wenger, E. (1991). Situated learning: Legitimate peripheral participation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Meadows, D. H. (1996). The laws of the earth and the laws of economics. White River Junction, VT: The Valley News, "The Global Citizen," 14 December.Google Scholar
- Mitchell, D. & Mueller, M. (2010). A philosophical analysis of David Orr’s theory of ecological literacy. Cultural Studies of Science Education Google Scholar
- Mone, J. (2010). Key oil spill evidence raised to Gulf’s surface. Retrieved September 7, 2010 from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ANw70F4VLhY&feature=player_embedded.
- National Research Council. (1999). Our common journey: A transition toward sustainability. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.Google Scholar
- National Science Foundation (2009). Transitions and tipping points in complex environmental systems. Report by the NSF Advisory committee for environmental research and education. Retrieved November 7, 2010 from http://www.nsf.gov/geo/ere/ereweb/ac-ere/nsf6895_ere_report_090809.pdf.
- Odum, E. P., & Barrett, G. W. (2005). Fundamentals of ecology (5th ed.). Belmont, CA: Thomson Leaning, Inc.Google Scholar
- Preskitt, L., Hunter, H., Abbott, I., McDermid, K., & Smith, J. ReefWatcher’s field guide to Alien and Native Hawaiian Marine Algae. Retrieved September 9, 2010 from http://www.hawaii.edu/reefalgae/natives/sgfieldguide.htm.
- Pukui, M. K. (1983). ‘Olelo no’eau: Hawaiian proverbs and poetical sayings. Honolulu: Bishop Museum Press.Google Scholar
- Pukui, M. K., & Elbert, S. H. (1986). Hawaiian dictionary. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.Google Scholar
- Schenkman, L. (2010). Scientists balk at BP recruitment efforts, restrictive contracts. Retrieved November 6, 2010 from http://news.sciencemag.org/scienceinsider/2010/07/scientists-balk-at-bp-recruitment.html.
- Silva, N., & Badis, I. (2008). Early Hawaiian newspapers and Kanaka Maoli intellectual history, 1834–1855. The Hawaiian Journal of History, 42, 105–134.Google Scholar
- US Congress Office of Technology Assessment. (1993). Harmful non-Indigenous species in the United States, OTA-F-565. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office.Google Scholar
- Vitousek, P. M., Aber, J., Howarth, R. W., Likens, G. E., Matson, P. A., Schindler, D. W., Schlesinger, W. H. & Tilman, G. D. (1997). Human alteration of the global nitrogen cycle: Causes and consequences. Retrieved September 7, 2010 from http://www.epa.gov/watertrain/pdf/issue1.pdf.
- Webster’s II New Riverside University Dictionary. (1984). Boston: The Riverside Publishing Company.Google Scholar
- Wylie, A. (2003). Why standpoint matters. In R. Figueroa & S. Harding (Eds.), Science and other cultures: Issues in philosophies of science and technology (pp. 26–48). NY: Routledge.Google Scholar