HSS Journal ®

, Volume 10, Issue 3, pp 225–229

Developments and Innovations in Resident and Fellowship Education

Review Article
Current Topics, Advances and Innovations in Musculoskeletal Imaging

DOI: 10.1007/s11420-014-9396-6

Cite this article as:
Sofka, C.M. HSS Jrnl (2014) 10: 225. doi:10.1007/s11420-014-9396-6



Medical trainee education has drastically changed over the past 30 years significantly since the inception of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) in 1981. With an emphasis on patient safety, regulations and oversight from the ACGME have drastically changed the way many programs function with respect to trainee responsibilities, duty hours, and resident supervision.


The purpose of this review is to summarize significant changes and innovations implemented by the ACGME and their proposed effects on trainee education. While there is an emphasis on musculoskeletal radiology fellowship training, the majority of the regulations and guidelines are applicable to all training programs.


Articles, commentaries, and policies focusing on ACGME requirements were reviewed, with a focus on musculoskeletal radiology.


Changes in ACGME policies have resulted in significant structural modifications in how training programs are designed, specifically with respect to curriculum standardization, measuring outcomes of trainee performance, and integration of residents and fellows into hospital-based quality improvement and patient safety initiatives.


With an eye to continued training program advancement and improvement, the goal of universal oversight and standardization in medical training remains to produce forward-thinking physicians with an emphasis on lifelong learning, patient care, and quality improvement.


ACGME medical education resident 

Supplementary material

11420_2014_9396_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (1.2 mb)
ESM 1(PDF 1224 kb)

Copyright information

© Hospital for Special Surgery 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Radiology and ImagingHospital for Special SurgeryNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Weill Cornell Medical CollegeNew YorkUSA

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