HSS Journal ®

, Volume 8, Issue 2, pp 169–174 | Cite as

A Single-Dose Conformal Delivery of Radiotherapy Following Osteoplasty

A Novel Approach to Treatment of Osteolytic Metastasis in the Setting of Multiple Myeloma
  • A. Gabriella Wernicke
  • Albert Sabbas
  • Fridon Kulidzhanov
  • Michael Shamis
  • Yevgeniya Golster
  • Ruben Niesvizky
  • Joseph Lane
Case Report

Abstract

Multiple myeloma (MM) is a very radiosensitive tumor. Fractionated external beam radiation, which takes approximately 2 weeks of therapy, is typically used to irradiate myelomatous bone lesions with the goal of palliation. However, traditional radiotherapeutic techniques are not only lengthy but they also involve a considerable amount of healthy bone marrow in the treatment ports, which may undermine the total marrow reserve of a patient. Because of the limited survival time of patients with metastatic cancer, novel treatment concepts shortening the overall treatment time is desirable. We present an innovative approach of delivering targeted intra-operative radiotherapy to a solitary osteolytic metastasis in one application, while sparing healthy bone marrow from radiation toxicity and substantially reducing the overall treatment time. A 78-year-old Caucasian male with MM, previously treated with chemotherapy, who was off chemotherapy for 2 years due to bone marrow suppression, presented with a solitary recurrence at the left anterior superior iliac spine of the left iliac wing as diagnosed by PET-CT scan. This lesion was treated with a minimally invasive osteoplasty and intra-operative brachytherapy with to a dose of 8 Gy delivered to the surgical cavity only, followed by injection of the bone cement into the cavity. Three months after the procedure, the area of treatment demonstrated no uptake on a follow-up PET-CT scan. At 1.5 years after this procedure, 100% local control continues to persist in the treated area, as evidenced on nuclear imaging. To our knowledge, this is the first case of using focal intra-operative brachytherapy confined to the area of the pelvis in a patient treated for a solitary metastasis from MM. The purpose of the article is to present a novel approach as a more convenient and focal treatment of bony lesions of MM.

Keywords

multiple myeloma radiotherapy conformal radiation brachytherapy 

Notes

Disclosures

Each author certifies that he or she has no commercial associations (e.g., consultancies, stock ownership, equity interest, patent/licensing arrangements, etc.) that might pose a conflict of interest in connection with the submitted article.

Each author certifies that his or her institution has approved the reporting of these cases, that all investigations were conducted in conformity with ethical principles of research, and that informed consent for participating in the study was obtained.

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Copyright information

© Hospital for Special Surgery 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Gabriella Wernicke
    • 1
  • Albert Sabbas
    • 1
  • Fridon Kulidzhanov
    • 1
  • Michael Shamis
    • 2
  • Yevgeniya Golster
    • 3
  • Ruben Niesvizky
    • 4
  • Joseph Lane
    • 5
    • 6
  1. 1.Weill Cornell Medical CollegeNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Department of MedicineSaint George’s University School of MedicineGrenadaUSA
  3. 3.Department of Biological SciencesBradeis UniversityWalthamUSA
  4. 4.Department of Hemotology/OncologyWeill Cornell Medical CollegeNew YorkUSA
  5. 5.Department of Orthopedic SurgeryWeill Cornell Medical CollegeNew YorkUSA
  6. 6.Hospital for Special SurgeryNew YorkUSA

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