HSS Journal ®

, Volume 7, Issue 3, pp 257–264 | Cite as

Degenerative Scoliosis: A Review

  • Suhel KotwalEmail author
  • Matthias Pumberger
  • Alex Hughes
  • Federico Girardi
Review Article


Degenerative lumbar scoliosis is a coronal deviation of the spine that is prevalent in the elderly population. Although the etiology is unclear, it is associated with progressive and asymmetric degeneration of the disc, facet joints, and other structural spinal elements typically leading to neural element compression. Clinical presentation varies and is frequently associated with axial back pain and neurogenic claudication. Indications for treatment include pain, neurogenic symptoms, and progressive cosmetic deformity. Non-operative treatment includes physical conditioning and exercise, pharmacological agents for pain control, and use of orthotics and invasive modalities like epidural and facet injections. Operative treatment should be contemplated after multi-factorial and multidisciplinary evaluation of the risks and the benefits. Options include decompression, instrumented stabilization with posterior or anterior fusion, correction of deformity, or a combination of these that are tailored to each patient. Incidence of perioperative complications is substantial and must be considered when deciding appropriate operative treatment. The primary goal of surgical treatment is to provide pain relief and to improve the quality of life with minimum risk of complications.


degenerative scoliosis adult scoliosis adult deformity spinal stenosis secondary scoliosis 


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Copyright information

© Hospital for Special Surgery 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Suhel Kotwal
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Matthias Pumberger
    • 1
    • 2
  • Alex Hughes
    • 1
    • 2
  • Federico Girardi
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Hospital for Special SurgeryNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Weill Cornell Medical CollegeNew YorkUSA

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