Musculoskeletal Sonopathology and Ultrasound-Guided Regional Anesthesia
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The use of real-time ultrasound guidance has revolutionized the practice of regional anesthesia. Ultrasound is rapidly becoming the technique of choice for nerve blockade due to increased success rates, faster onset, and potentially improved safety. In the course of ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia, unexpected pathology may be encountered. Such anomalous or pathological findings may alter the choice of nerve block and occasionally affect surgical management. This case series presents a variety of musculoskeletal conditions that may be encountered during ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia practice.
Keywordsanesthesia ultrasound regional anesthesia
The authors wish to thank Mr. James Liang, BMSc, Research Fellow, Department of Anesthesia, Toronto Western Hospital, Toronto for his assistance in formatting and editing of images during the preparation of this manuscript.
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