HSS Journal

, Volume 4, Issue 1, pp 48–54 | Cite as

Total Hip Arthroplasty is Less Painful at 12 Months Compared with Hemiarthroplasty in Treatment of Displaced Femoral Neck Fracture

  • William Macaulay
  • Kate W. Nellans
  • Richard Iorio
  • Kevin L. Garvin
  • William L. Healy
  • Melvin P. Rosenwasser
  • DFACTO Consortium
 

Abstract

Objectives

The Displaced Femoral (neck fracture) Arthroplasty Consortium for Treatment and Outcomes (DFACTO) study compared total hip arthroplasty (THA) to hemiarthroplasty in the treatment of displaced femoral neck fractures.

Design

This study was designed as a prospective, randomized clinical trial.

Setting

The study was conducted in five US academic and private medical centers.

Patients

Patients were composed of independent, mentally competent individuals, >50 years old who suffered a displaced femoral neck fracture without existing arthritis at the hip. Forty-one patients were enrolled.

Main outcome measures

Functional outcomes and quality of life were assessed at 6 and 12 months post-fracture using the SF-36, Western Ontario and McMaster University Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), the Harris Hip Score, and the Timed “Up & Go” Test (TUG test).

Results

Groups were equivalent at baseline in terms of age, comorbid conditions, and functional status. At 6 months, there were no significant differences between the groups using the outcome measures or overall rates of complications. There was one dislocation in the THA group (5.8% of patients). At 12 months, the THA group reported significantly less pain (53.2 ± 10.2) than the hemiarthroplasty group (42.4 ± 11.5) using the SF-36 (p = 0.02). Using the TUG Test, we observed a greater proportion of THA patients remain functionally independent 1 year after surgery compared the hemiarthroplasty group (p = 0.08, controlling for age and sex).

Conclusions

These differences in pain and functional outcomes suggest THA is a viable treatment option for the active elderly displaced femoral neck fracture population.

Key words

displaced femoral neck fracture total hip arthroplasty hemiarthroplasty pain functional outcomes 

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Copyright information

© Hospital for Special Surgery 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • William Macaulay
    • 1
  • Kate W. Nellans
    • 4
  • Richard Iorio
    • 3
  • Kevin L. Garvin
    • 2
  • William L. Healy
    • 3
  • Melvin P. Rosenwasser
    • 5
  • DFACTO Consortium
  1. 1.Center of Hip and Knee ReplacementColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Orthopaedic Surgery and RehabilitationUniversity of Nebraska Medical CenterOmahaUSA
  3. 3.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryLahey ClinicBurlingtonUSA
  4. 4.Doris Duke Clinical ResearchColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA
  5. 5.Orthopaedic Hand and Trauma ServiceColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA

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