Identification of two new-type designer drugs, piperazine derivative MT-45 (I-C6) and synthetic peptide Noopept (GVS-111), with synthetic cannabinoid A-834735, cathinone derivative 4-methoxy-α-PVP, and phenethylamine derivative 4-methylbuphedrine from illegal products
- First Online:
- Cite this article as:
- Uchiyama, N., Matsuda, S., Kawamura, M. et al. Forensic Toxicol (2014) 32: 9. doi:10.1007/s11419-013-0194-5
- 1k Downloads
We identified two new-type designer drugs, piperazine derivative MT-45 [1-cyclohexyl-4-(1,2-diphenylethyl)piperazine, synonym: I-C6, 1] and synthetic peptide Noopept [ethyl 2-(1-(2-phenylacetyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxamido)acetate, synonym: GVS-111, 2], in chemical and herbal products. MT-45 (1) was previously reported as an opiate-like analgesic substance, and Noopept (2) was reported to have nootropic (cognitive enhancer) activity. We also detected two synthetic cannabinoids, A-834735 (3) and QUPIC N-(5-fluoropentyl) analog (synonym: 5-fluoro-PB-22, 4), in the illegal products. A-834735 (3) was previously reported to act as an agonist at both cannabinoid CB1 and CB2 receptors. In addition, cathinone derivative 4-methoxy-α-pyrrolidinovalerophenone (4-methoxy-α-PVP, 5) and phenethylamine derivative 4-methylbuphedrine (6) were newly detected with known cathinone derivative 4-methylbuphedrone (7) in the products.