Journal of Natural Medicines

, Volume 72, Issue 1, pp 375–380 | Cite as

Botanical origin of Mei-gui Hua in Chinese markets

  • Ochir Sarangowa
  • Makoto Nishizawa
  • Takao Myoda
  • Chunjie Ma
  • Takashi YamagishiEmail author
Natural Resource Letter


The petals or buds of Rosa species have been used as an important Chinese crude drug called “Mei-gui Hua” and also an ingredient for herbal tea in China. The 15 flavonol glycosides in 34 commercially available “Mei-gui Hua” were quantitatively determined by UPLC, and the data were compared with those of known Rosa sp. belong to Cinnamomeae, Gallicanae, Caninae and Synstylae by principal component analysis for the estimation of original plants of these “Mei-gui Hua”. Seven samples were classified into two groups (Types A and B) composed of species in Gallicae and Synstilae and 11 samples into a group (Type D) composed of species in Cinnamomeae. Six samples were plotted among Types B, C and D. However, nine samples were shown to form a new group (Type F), and the original plants of these samples were assumed to be more complex hybrids of Rosa species including other sections than Cinnamomeae, Gallicanae, Caninae and Synstylae. This method must be useful and convenient to estimate the origin of crude drug “Mei-gui Hua” commercially available in markets. The results of this study also demonstrated that “Mei-gui Hua” commercially available in Chinese market must be prepared from hybrids of various species of Rosa, and it is not reasonable to assign only R. rugosa as scientific name of the origin plants.


Mei-gui Hua Rosa rugosa Rosa gallica Flavonol glycosides Chemotaxonomy 



We thank Mr. Naotoshi Yoshida of the Hokkaido University, Medicinal Plant Garden, for kindly supplying the sample of Rosa Maikwai and Prof. Mariya Sakim of the Xinjiang Medical University of China, for kindly supplying the samples of Mei-gui Hua. This research was supported by Natural Science Foundation of Inner Mongolia (201513S0809) and Science and Technology Baiwan Project Foundation of Inner Mongolia Medical University, China (YKD2014KJBW011).


  1. 1.
    Dictionary of Chinese Medicine, vol. 4, (1985) Shanghai Science-technology Publication, Shogakukan, pp 2440–2441Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Gault SM, Synge PM (1971) The dictionary of Roses in Colour. Ebury press and Michael Joseph, p 269Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Sarangowa O, Ishii K, Park B, Matsuta T, Nishizawa M, Kanazawa T, Funaki M, Yamagishi T (2010) Botanical origin of Mei-gui Hua (petal of a Rosa species). J Nat Med 64:409–416CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Sarangowa O, Kanazawa T, Nishizawa M, Myoda T, Bai C, Yamagishi T (2014) Flavonol glycosides in the Petal of Rosa species as chemotaxonomic markers. Phytochemistry 107:61–68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Grossi C, Raymond O, Jay M (1998) Flavonoid and enzyme polymorphisma and taxonomic organization of Rosa sections: Carolinae, Cinnamomeae, Pimpinellifoliae and Synstylae. Biochem Syst Ecol 26:857–871CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kumar N, Singh B, Kaul VK (2006) Flavonoids from Rosa damascene mill. Nat Prod Commun 1:623–626Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Velioglu YS, Mazza G (1991) Characterization of flavonoids in petals of Rosa damascene by HPLC and spectral analysis. J Agric Food Chem 39:463–467CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Porter E, VandenBos AA, Kite GC, Veitch NC, Simmonds MSJ (2012) Flavonol glycosides acylated with 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaric acid as systematic characters in Rosa. Phytochemistry 81:90–96CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Sarangowa O, Kanazawa T, Nishizawa M, Yamagishi T (2013) Two galloylated flavonoids as antioxidants in Rosa gallica petal. Chem Nat Comp 49:289–290Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Japanese Society of Pharmacognosy and Springer Japan KK, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ochir Sarangowa
    • 1
  • Makoto Nishizawa
    • 2
  • Takao Myoda
    • 2
  • Chunjie Ma
    • 1
  • Takashi Yamagishi
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Academy of Mongolian MedicineInner Mongolia Medical UniversityHohhotChina
  2. 2.Faculty of Bio-IndustryTokyo University of AgricultureAbashiriJapan
  3. 3.Kitami Institute of TechnologyKitamiJapan

Personalised recommendations