Asian Journal of Criminology

, Volume 14, Issue 4, pp 309–335 | Cite as

Clarifying the Contours of the Police Legitimacy Measurement Debate: a Response to Cao and Graham

  • Rick TrinknerEmail author


With the emergence of police legitimacy as a major indicator of good policing, scholars have continued to push our conceptual understanding of this construct. In recent years, a debate has emerged about whether four factors—lawfulness, procedural justice, distributive justice, and effectiveness—are possible sources of legitimacy judgments (Tyler in Annual Review of Psychology 57, 375–400, 2006) or actual components of legitimacy (Tankebe in Criminology 51, 103–135, 2013). My goal in the present paper is review the contours of this debate.


Police legitimacy Measurement Procedural justice Distributive justice Effectiveness Lawfulness 


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© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Criminology and Criminal JusticeArizona State UniversityPhoenixUSA

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