Asian Journal of Criminology

, Volume 6, Issue 1, pp 51–68

Anomie and Violence in Indonesia and Timor-Leste, 1997–2009


DOI: 10.1007/s11417-010-9087-2

Cite this article as:
Braithwaite, J. Asian Criminology (2011) 6: 51. doi:10.1007/s11417-010-9087-2


The Indonesian social system began to disintegrate in 1997. In the aftermath of social collapse, many forms of state crime, organized crime, terrorism, ethnic violence, religious violence, assassinations and other political violence escalated. An anomie theory interpretation is offered of this rise and the subsequent fall of a complex of serious crime problems. Security sector reintegration, reintegration of perpetrators and reconciliation (without truth) played important parts in enabling the rebuilding of institutions of security.


Indonesia Timor-Leste Anomie Violence Reconciliation 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.RegNet, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, ANU College of Asia and the PacificThe Australian National UniversityCanberraAustralia

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