Journal in Computer Virology

, Volume 2, Issue 1, pp 13–20 | Cite as

On the definition and classification of cybercrime

  • Sarah GordonEmail author
  • Richard Ford
Original Paper


The idea of Cybercrime is not new, yet there is significant confusion amongst academics, computer security experts and users as to the extent of real Cybercrime. In this paper, we explore the breadth of computer-based crime, providing a definition of the emerging terms “Cybercrime” and “crimeware”. We then divide Cybercrime into two distinct categories: Type I Cybercrime, which is mostly technological in nature, and Type II Cybercrime, which has a more pronounced human element. We then use two case studies to illustrate the role of crimeware in different types of Cybercrime, and offer some observations on the role of cognition in the process of Cybercrime. Finally we provide several suggestions for future work in the area of Cybercrime.


Supra Note Identity Theft Computer Crime Unwanted Contact High Tech Crime 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag France 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Symantec Security ResponseSanta MonicaUSA
  2. 2.Department of Computer SciencesFlorida TechMelbourneUSA

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