Towards Successful Dissemination of Psychological First Aid: A Study of Provider Training Preferences

  • Erin P. Hambrick
  • Sonia L. Rubens
  • Eric M. Vernberg
  • Anne K. Jacobs
  • Rebecca M. Kanine


Dissemination of Psychological First Aid (PFA) is challenging considering the complex nature of disaster response and the various disaster mental health (DMH) trainings available. To understand challenges to dissemination in community mental health centers (CMHCs), interviews were conducted with nine DMH providers associated with CMHCs. Consensual qualitative analysis was used to analyze data. Interviews were targeted toward understanding organizational infrastructure, DMH training requirements, and training needs. Results clarified challenges to DMH training in CMHCs and factors that may promote buy-in for trainings. For example, resources are limited and thus allocated for state and federal training requirements. Therefore, including PFA in these requirements could promote adoption. Additionally, a variety of training approaches that differ in content, style, and length would be useful. To conclude, a conceptual model for ways to promote buy-in for the PFA Guide is proposed.


Community Mental Health Center Disaster Response Training Requirement Online Training Team Composition 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This research was supported in part by grants from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration through the University of Oklahoma Terrorism and Disaster Center.

Conflict of Interest

The authors have no conflicts of interest to report.


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Copyright information

© National Council for Behavioral Health 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Erin P. Hambrick
    • 1
  • Sonia L. Rubens
    • 1
  • Eric M. Vernberg
    • 1
  • Anne K. Jacobs
    • 1
  • Rebecca M. Kanine
    • 1
  1. 1.Clinical Child Psychology ProgramUniversity of KansasLawrenceUSA

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