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Philosophia

, Volume 41, Issue 4, pp 1159–1172 | Cite as

A New Source of Data About Singular Thought

  • Mihnea D. I. CapraruEmail author
Article
  • 113 Downloads

Abstract

Philosophers have justified extant theories of singular thought in at least three ways: they have invoked wide-ranging theories motivated by data from other philosophical areas, they have elicited direct intuitions about which thoughts are singular, and they have subjected propositional attitude reports to tests such as Russellian substitution and Quinean exportation. In these ways, however, we haven’t yet been able to tell what it takes to have singular thoughts, nor have we been able to tell which of our thoughts they are. I propose, therefore, a methodological contribution, a new source of data about singular thought. We can tell whether a thought is singular if we ask what we can coherently deny at the same time at which we agree with the thought. When we agree with a thought that is general, we cannot coherently deny about the thought’s subject a certain description, the one that occurs in the thought’s subject position. To show how to use this new data source, I develop a linguistic method for testing whether a speaker expresses a singular or a general thought.

Keywords

Singular thought Psychosemantics Methodology Agreement Disagreement 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This paper has benefited from extensive comments by Thomas McKay, Kevan Edwards, and Arthur Sullivan. Furthermore, I would like to thank Mark Brown, Katalin Farkas, Kris McDaniel, Byron Simmons, the anonymous referees, and audiences at Central APA, Syracuse University, and ECAP7.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Philosophy, 541 Hall of LanguagesSyracuse University SyracuseUSA

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