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Survey on Simulation for Mobile Ad-Hoc Communication for Disaster Scenarios

Abstract

Mobile ad-hoc communication is a demonstrated solution to mitigate the impact of infrastructure failures during large-scale disasters. A very complex issue in this domain is the design validation of software applications that support decision-making and communication during natural disasters. Such disasters are irreproducible, highly unpredictable, and impossible to scale down, and thus extensive assessments cannot be led in situ. In this context, simulation constitutes the best approach towards the testing of software solutions for natural disaster responses. The present survey reviews mobility models, ad-hoc network architectures, routing protocols and network simulators. Our aim is to provide guidelines for software developers with regards to the performance evaluation of their applications by means of simulation.

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Correspondence to Erika Rosas.

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The work was supported in part by the STIC-Amsud Project-Reputation and Energy Aware Search for Supporting Natural Disasters (RESPOND), and in part by the Project of University of Santiago of Chile under Grant Nos. DICYT-061419RO and CONICYT-PAI 791220011.

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Rosas, E., Hidalgo, N., Gil-Costa, V. et al. Survey on Simulation for Mobile Ad-Hoc Communication for Disaster Scenarios. J. Comput. Sci. Technol. 31, 326–349 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11390-016-1630-x

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Keywords

  • mobile ad-hoc communication
  • simulation
  • disaster scenario
  • mobility model