Intelligent Service Robotics

, Volume 2, Issue 3, pp 173–186

Statistical characteristics in HSI color model and position histogram based vehicle license plate detection

Original Research Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s11370-009-0043-x

Cite this article as:
Deb, K., Kang, SJ. & Jo, KH. Intel Serv Robotics (2009) 2: 173. doi:10.1007/s11370-009-0043-x


Visual perception takes an important role in the implementation of intelligent robot and transportation systems. Such perception is to detect and recognize various objects in the real environment. Detecting license plate (LP) is a crucial and inevitable component of the vehicle license plate recognition (VLPR) system. In this proposed algorithm, initially, HSI color model is adopted to select automatically statistical threshold value for detecting candidate regions. According to different colored LP, these candidate regions may include LP regions; geometrical properties of LP are then used for classification. The proposed method is able to deal with candidate regions under independent orientation and scale of the plate. Finally, the decomposition of candidate regions contains predetermined LP alphanumeric character by using position histogram to verify and detect vehicle license plate (VLP) region. In experiment more than 150 images were used, and they were taken from the variety of conditions such as complex scenes, illumination changing, distances and varied weather etc. Under these conditions, success of LP detection has reached more than 94%.


Vehicle license plate detection (VLPD) HSI color model Geometrical properties Position histogram 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Intelligent Systems Lab, Graduate School of Electrical Engineering and Information SystemsUniversity of UlsanUlsanSouth Korea

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