Advertisement

Potentially hazardous element accumulation in rice tissues and their availability in soil systems after biochar amendments

  • Feng Jing
  • Zhijiang Yang
  • Xiaomin ChenEmail author
  • Wei Liu
  • Bilin Guo
  • Gaozhe Lin
  • Ronghui Huang
  • Wenxin Liu
Soils, Sec 3 • Remediation and Management of Contaminated or Degraded Lands • Research Article
  • 57 Downloads

Abstract

Purpose

Biochar has shown to be a great product to control the bioavailability of potentially hazardous elements (PHE) in contaminated soils. Despite the advantages associated with the application of biochar in agricultural soils, relatively few studies have focused on the effects of biochar amendments on soil chemical properties, accumulation of arsenic, cadmium, zinc, and lead in rice tissues, and their availability in soil systems.

Materials and methods

The field experiment was conducted at the paddy soils in Hunan Province, China. The soil texture was sandy clay loam. Wheat-derived biochar was applied once to the experimental plots at the rates of 0, 10, 20, 30 and 40 t ha−1, and referenced as A0, A10, A20, A30, and A40, respectively. For PHE determination, soil samples and plant samples were digested with a mixed solution of HCl:HNO3 (4:1, V:V) and HCl:HClO4 (4:1, V:V), respectively, and the arsenic, cadmium, zinc, and lead in the digest solution were measured by ICP-MS (Thermo Fisher Scientific, USA). The soil available fraction of PHE (arsenic, cadmium, zinc, and lead) was extracted by diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (DTPA) and measured by inductively ICP-MS.

Results and discussion

Biochar amendment increased chemical properties of soil organic matter, pH, electrical conductivity, cation exchange capacity, nitrate nitrogen, and available phosphorus. Soil DTPA extractable arsenic, cadmium, zinc, and lead concentrations were significantly reduced. Arsenic, cadmium, zinc, and lead in rice shoots, and arsenic, cadmium, and zinc in roots significantly decreased after amendment. Concentrations in rice tissues positively and negatively correlated with the soil available fraction of PHE and soil chemical properties, respectively. Soil electrical conductivity negatively correlated with the soil available fraction of PHE. Concentrations of arsenic, zinc, cadmium, and lead in rice roots declined relative to increases of cation exchange capacity (arsenic, zinc), available phosphorus (cadmium), and nitric nitrogen (lead) content. Similar relationships were observed between cation exchange capacity and PHE in shoots.

Conclusions

Biochar creates avoidance of PHE through regulating chemical properties through biochar sorption capacity. Cation exchange capacity, available phosphorus, and nitric nitrogen were the principle factors affecting roots uptake of arsenic, zinc, cadmium, and lead. Biochar soluble salts could decline availability of metals/metalloids in soils through precipitation. Wheat-derived biochar application is an alternative safe product to immobilize PHE in rice paddy soils by restricting the risk of PHE.

Keywords

Bioavailability Biochar Potentially hazardous elements Rice tissues Soil chemical properties 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors sincerely thank Dr. Craig Clark (Western Kentucky University, william.clark927@topper.wku.edu) for his help in the improvement of this paper. We also wish to express our thanks to anonymous reviewers for providing useful comments to improve the paper.

Funding information

This study is supported by the project “Source Identification and Contamination Characteristics of Heavy Metals in Agricultural Land and Products” (2016YFD0800306), the National Key Research and Development Program of China, and Postgraduate Research & Practice Innovation Program of Jiangsu Province (KYCX18_0679).

Supplementary material

11368_2019_2296_MOESM1_ESM.doc (980 kb)
ESM 1 (DOC 980 kb).

References

  1. Agegnehu G, Srivastava AK, Bird MI (2017) The role of biochar and biochar-compost in improving soil quality and crop performance: a review. Appl Soil Ecol 119:156–170CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ahmad M, Rajapaksha AU, Lim JE, Zhang M, Bolan N, Mohan D, Vithanage M, Lee SS, Ok YS (2014) Biochar as a sorbent for contaminant management in soil and water: a review. Chemosphere 99:19–33CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Alam MS, Swaren L, von Gunten K, Cossio M, Bishop B, Robbins LJ, Hou DY, Flynn SL, Ok YS, Konhauser KO (2018) Application of surface complexation modeling to trace metals uptake by biochar-amended agricultural soils. Appl Geochem 88:103–112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Atkinson CJ, Fitzgerald JD, Hipps NA (2010) Potential mechanisms for achieving agricultural benefits from biochar application to temperate soils: a review. Plant Soil 337:1–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bao SD (2000) Soil agricultural chemical analysis, Third edn. Agriculture Press, Beijing (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  6. Beesley L, Marmiroli M (2011) The immobilisation and retention of soluble arsenic, cadmium and zinc by biochar. Environ Pollut 159:474–480CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Beesley L, Moreno-Jiménez E, Gomez-Eyles JL, Harris E, Robinson B, Sizmur T (2011) A review of biochars’ potential role in the remediation, revegetation and restoration of contaminated soils. Environ Pollut 159:3269–3282CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bian RJ, Chen D, Liu X, Cui L, Li LQ, Pan GX, Xie D, Zheng JW, Zhang XH, Zheng JF, Chang A (2013) Biochar soil amendment as a solution to prevent Cd-tainted rice from China: results from a cross-site field experiment. Ecol Eng 58:378–383CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bian RJ, Joseph S, Cui LQ, Pan GX, Li LQ, Liu XY, Zhang AF, Rutlidge H, Wong SW, Chia C, Marjo C, Gong B, Munroe P, Donne S (2014) A three-year experiment confirms continuous immobilization of cadmium and lead in contaminated paddy field with biochar amendment. J Hazard Mater 272:121–128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Bian RJ, Ma B, Zhu XY, Wang WJ, Li LQ, Joseph S, Liu XY, Pan GX (2016) Pyrolysis of crop residues in a mobile bench-scale pyrolyser: product characterization and environmental performance. J Anal Appl Pyrolysis 119:52–59CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Biederman LA, Harpole WS (2013) Biochar and its effects on plant productivity and nutrient cycling: a meta-analysis. G C B Bioenergy 5:202–214CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Buschmann J, Kappeler A, Lindauer U, Kistler D, Berg M, Sigg L (2006) Arsenite and arsenate binding to dissolved humic acids: influence of pH, type of humic acid, and aluminum. Environ Sci Technol 40:6015–6020CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Cao XD, Ma LN, Gao B, Harris W (2009) Dairy-manure derived biochar effectively sorbs lead and atrazine. Environ Sci Technol 43:3285–3291CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Chen H, Zhu Y (1999) Heavy metal pollution in soils in China: status and countermeasures. Ambio 28:130–134Google Scholar
  15. Chen C, Chen DL, Lam SK (2015) Simulation of nitrous oxide emission and mineralized nitrogen under different straw retention conditions using a denitrification–decomposition model. CLEAN–Soil Air Water 43:577–583Google Scholar
  16. Chen D, Li RY, Bian RJ, Li LQ, Joseph S, Crowley D, Pan GX (2017) Contribution of soluble minerals in biochar to Pb2+ adsorption in aqueous solutions. Bioresources 12:1662–1679Google Scholar
  17. Cui LQ, Li LQ, Zhang AF, Pan GX (2011) Biochar amendment greatly reduces rice Cd uptake in a contaminated paddy soil: a two-year field experiment. Bioresources 6:2605–2618Google Scholar
  18. Cunha KPV, Nascimento CWA (2009) Silicon effects on metal tolerance and structural changes in maize (Zea mays L.) grown on a cadmium and zinc enriched soil. Water Air Soil Pollut 197:323–330CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Food and Agriculture Organization Corporate Statistical Database (2013) http://faostat.fao.org/site/567/DesktopDefault.aspx?PageID=567#ancor. Accessed 18 Jan 2019
  20. Glaser B, Lehmann J, Zech W (2002) Ameliorating physical and chemical properties of highly weathered soils in the tropics with charcoal—a review. Biol Fertil Soils 35:219–230CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Gu HH, Qiu H, Tian T, Zhan SS, Deng THB, Chaney RL, Wang SZ, Tang YT, Morel JL, Qiu RL (2011) Mitigation effects of silicon rich amendments on heavy metal accumulation in rice (Oryza sativa L.) planted on multi-metal contaminated acidic soil. Chemosphere 83:1234–1240CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Hang X, Wang H, Zhou J, Ma C, Du C, Chen X (2009) Risk assessment of potentially toxic element pollution in soils and rice (Oryza sativa L.) in a typical area of the Yangtze River Delta. Environ Pollut 157:2542–2549CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Hartley W, Dickinson NM, Riby P, Lepp NW (2009) Arsenic mobility in brownfield soils amended with greenwaste compost or biochar and planted with Miscanthus. Environ Pollut 157:2654–2662CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Harvey OR, Herbert BE, Rhue RD, Kuo LJ (2011) Metal interactions at the biochar-water interface: energetics and structure-sorption relationships elucidated by flow adsorption microcalorimetry. Environ Sci Technol 45:5550–5556CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Houben D, Sonnet P (2015) Impact of biochar and root-induced changes on metal dynamics in the rhizosphere of agrostis capillaris and lupinus albus. Chemosphere 139:644–651CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Houben D, Evrard L, Sonnet P (2013) Mobility, bioavailability and pH-dependent leaching of cadmium, zinc and lead in a contaminated soil amended with biochar. Chemosphere 92:1450–1457CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Ishimaru Y, Bashir K, Nishizawa NK (2011) Zn uptake and translocation in rice plants. Rice 4:21–27CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Jones DL, Healey JR (2010) Organic amendments for remediation: putting waste to good use. Elements 6:369–374CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Kloss S, Zehetner F, Dellantonio A, Hamid R, Ottner F, Liedtke V, Soja G (2012) Characterization of slow pyrolysis biochars: effects of feedstocks and pyrolysis temperature on biochar properties. J Environ Qual 41:990–1000CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Kookana RS, Sarmah AK, Zwieten LV, Krull E, Singh B (2011) Biochar application to soil: agronomic and environmental benefits and unintended consequences. Adv Agron 112:103–143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Kushwaha A, Hans N, Kumar S, Rani R (2018) A critical review on speciation, mobilization and toxicity of lead in soil-microbe-plant system and bioremediation strategies. Ecotoxol Environ Saf 147:1035–1045CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Laird D, Fleming P, Wang BQ, Horton R, Karlen D (2010) Biochar impact on nutrient leaching from a Midwestern agricultural soil. Geoderma 158:436–442CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Lehmann J (2007) A handful of carbon. Nature 447:143–144CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Lehmann J, Joseph S (2009) Biochar for environmental management: science and technology. Earthscan, UK and USA, pp 34–39Google Scholar
  35. Lehmann J, Gaunt J, Rondon M, Read P (2006) Biochar sequestration in terrestrial ecosystems—a review. Mitig Adapt Strat G L 11:403–427CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Lehmann J, Rillig MC, Thies J, Masiello CA, Hockaday WC, Crowley D (2011) Biochar effects on soil biota—a review. Soil Biol Biochem 43:1812–1836CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Li J, Xu Y (2014) Immobilization of Cd in a paddy soil using moisture management and amendment. Chemosphere 122:131–136CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Liang B, Lehmann J, Solomon D, Kinyangi J, Grossman J, O’Neill B, Skjemstad JO, Thies J, Luizão FJ, Petersen J, Neves EG (2006) Black carbon increases cation exchange capacity in soils. Soil Sci Soc Am J 70:1719–1730CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Lu K, Yang X, Shen J, Robinson B, Huang H, Liu D, Bolan N, Pei J, Wang H (2014) Effect of bamboo and rice straw biochars on the bioavailability of Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn to Sedum plumbizincicola. Agric Ecosyst Environ 191:124–132CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Mendez MO, Maier RM (2008) Phytoremediation of mine tailings in temperate and arid environments. Rev Environ Sci Biotechnol 7:47–759CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Mohamed I, Zhang GS, Li ZG, Liu Y, Chen F, Dai K (2015) Ecological restoration of an acidic cd contaminated soil using bamboo biochar application. Ecol Eng 84:67–76CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Namgay T, Singh B, Singh BP (2010) Influence of biochar application to soil on the availability of As, Cd, Cu, Pb, and Zn to maize (Zea mays L.). Aust J Soil Res 48:638–647CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Nguyen BT, Lehmann J, Kinyangi J, Smernik R, Riha SJ, Engelhard MH, Swanston C, Smernik R (2008) Long-term black carbon dynamics in cultivated soil. Biogeochemistry 89:295–308CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Nikolic M, Nikolic N, Kostic L, Pavlovic J, Bosnic P, Stevic N, Savic J, Hristov N (2016) The assessment of soil availability and wheat grain status of zinc and iron in Serbia: implications for human nutrition. Sci Total Environ 553:141–148CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Pan GX, Lin ZH, Li LQ, Zhang AF, Zheng JW, Zhang X (2011) Perspective on biomass carbon industrialization of organic waste from agriculture and rural areas in China. J Agr Sci Tech-Iran 13:75–82Google Scholar
  46. Patel NJ, Bradshaw MJ, Birchmore DA (2015) Hypocupremia secondary to excessive zinc supplementation and gastric surgery. Neurol Clin Pract 5:512–514CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Porter SK, Scheckel KG, Impellitteri CA, Ryan JA (2004) Toxic metals in the environment: thermodynamic considerations for possible immobilisation strategies for Pb, Cd, As, and Hg. Crit Rev Environ Sci Technol 34:495–604CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Raison RJ (1979) Modification of the soil environment by vegetation fires, with particular reference to nitrogen transformations: a review. Plant Soil 51:73–108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Ronsse F, Van SH, Dickinson D, Prins W (2013) Production and characterization of slow pyrolysis biochar: influence of feedstock type and pyrolysis conditions. GCB Bioenergy 5:104–115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Saifullah DS, Naeem A, Iqbal M, Farooq MA, Bibi S, Rengel Z (2018) Opportunities and challenges in the use of mineral nutrition for minimizing arsenic toxicity and accumulation in rice: a critical review. Chemosphere 194:171–188CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Seshadri B, Bolan NS, Wijesekara H, Kunhikrishnan A, Thangarajan R, Qi F, Matheyarasu R, Rocco C, Mbene K, Naidu R (2016) Phosphorus–cadmium interactions in paddy soils. Geoderma 270:43–59CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Shi XH, Zhang CC, Wang H, Zhang FS (2005) Effect of Si on the distribution of Cd in rice seedlings. Plant Soil 272:53–60CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Sohi SP, Krull E, Lopezcapel E, Bol R (2010) A review of biochar and its use and function in soil. Adv Agron 105:47–82CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Soltani N, Keshavarzi B, Moore F, Tavakol T, Lahijanzadeh AR, Jaafarzadeh N, Kermani M (2015) Ecological and human health hazards of heavy metals and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in road dust of Isfahan metropolis, Iran. Sci Total Environ 505:712–723CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Tan Z, Lin CSK, Ji X, Rainey TJ (2017) Returning biochar to fields: a review. Appl Soil Ecol 116:1–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Vithanage M, Herath I, Joseph S, Bundschuh J, Bolan N, Ok YS, Kirkham MB, Rinklebe J (2017) Interaction of arsenic with biochar in soil and water: a critical review. Carbon 113:219–230CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Wang YX, Stass A, Horst WJ (2004) Apoplastic binding of aluminum is involved in silicon-induced amelioration of aluminum toxicity in maize. Plant Physiol 136:3762–3770CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Wang Y, Liu RH, Zhang YQ, Cui XQ, Tang AK, Zhang LJ (2016) Transport of heavy metals in the Huanghe River estuary, China. Environ Earth Sci 75:288CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Wong SC, Li XD, Zhang G, Qi SH, Min YS (2002) Heavy metals in agricultural soils of the Pearl River Delta, South China. Environ Pollut 119:33–44CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Wu P, Cui PX, Fang GD, Wang Y, Wang SQ, Zhou DM, Zhang W, Wang YJ (2018) Biochar decreased the bioavailability of Zn to rice and wheat grains: insights from microscopic to macroscopic scales. Sci Total Environ 621:160–167CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Xie H, Jiang R, Zhang F, McGrath S, Zhao F (2009) Effect of nitrogen form on the rhizosphere dynamics and uptake of cadmium and zinc by the hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens. Plant Soil 318:205–215CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Xu X, Chen C, Wang P, Kretzschmar R, Zhao FJ (2017) Control of arsenic mobilization in paddy soils by manganese and iron oxides. Environ Pollut 231:37–47CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Yang L, Peterson P, Williams W, Wang W, SF H, Tan J (2002) The relationship between exposure to arsenic concentrations in drinking water and the development of skin lesions in farmers from Inner Mongolia, China. Environ Geochem Hlth 24:293–303CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Yao Q, Liu J, Yu Z, Li Y, Jin J, Liu X, Wang G (2017) Three years of biochar amendment alters soil physiochemical properties and fungal community composition in a black soil of northeast China. Soil Biol Biochem 110:56–67CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Yu HY, Liu CP, Zhu JS, Li FB, Deng DM, Wang Q, Liu CS (2016) Cadmium availability in rice paddy fields from a mining area: the effects of soil properties highlighting iron fractions and pH value. Environ Pollut 209:38–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Yu Y, Wan Y, Camara AY, Li H (2018) Effects of the addition and aging of humic acid-based amendments on the solubility of Cd in soil solution and its accumulation in rice. Chemosphere 196:303–310CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Zhang X, Yang L, Li Y, Li H, Wang W, Ye B (2012) Impacts of lead/zinc mining and smelting on the environment and human health in China. Environ Monit Assess 184:2261–2273CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Zhang ZH, Solaiman ZM, Meney K, Murphy DV, Rengel Z (2013) Biochars immobilize soil cadmium, but do not improve growth of emergent wetland species Juncus subsecundus in cadmium-contaminated soil. J Soils Sediments 13:140–151CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Zhang X, Wang H, He L, Lu K, Sarmah A, Li J, Bolan NS, Pei J, Huang H (2013a) Using biochar for remediation of soils contaminated with heavy metals and organic pollutants. Environ Sci Pollut Res 20:8472–8483CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Zheng RL, Cai C, Liang JH, Huang Q, Chen Z, Huang YZ, Arp HPH, Sun GX (2012) The effects of biochars from rice residues on the formation of iron plaque and the accumulation of Cd, Zn, Pb, As in rice (Oryza sativa L.) seedlings. Chemosphere 89:856–862CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Żukowska J, Biziuk M (2008) Methodological evaluation of method for dietary heavy metal intake. J Food Sci 73:R21–R29CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Resources and Environmental SciencesNanjing Agricultural UniversityNanjingPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations