Advertisement

Evolution over years of structural characteristics of humic acids in Black Soil as a function of various fertilization treatments

  • Jiuming Zhang
  • Tingting An
  • Fengqin Chi
  • Dan Wei
  • Baoku Zhou
  • Xiaoyu Hao
  • Liang Jin
  • Jingkuan Wang
Soils, Sec 5 • Soil and Landscape Ecology • Research Article
  • 41 Downloads

Abstract

Purpose

Humic substances are the relatively stable and recalcitrant pool of soil organic carbon in the agricultural system. Humic acid (HA) is an active part of soil humic substances. However, little information exists on how structural characteristics of HA evolved with fertilization years in Black Soil.

Materials and methods

Soil samples were collected in 1997, 2002, 2008, and 2012 from the Long-term Fertilization Station of Black Soil. The methods of 13C-nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, elemental composition analysis, and infrared spectroscopy were employed to analyze the structure of HA.

Results and discussion

Long-term fertilization had no significant (P > 0.05) effect on the ratio of O and S to C in HA. The ratio of H to C in HA increased with fertilization years after the application of organic manure (M) single or combined with chemical NPK fertilizers. The ratios of aliphatic C to aromatic C, and alkyl C to O-alkyl C in soil HA increased by 7.72% and 20.3%, respectively, in MNPK and M treatments, whereas NPK treatment declined the ratio of aliphatic C to aromatic C by 2.67% compared with CK treatment.

Conclusions

The HA structure tends to become aliphatic and simplified with years of organic manure combined with NPK fertilizers. To save costs, organic manure was only applied once within the period of crop rotation and was combined with NPK every year to satisfy crop demands for soil nutrients.

Keywords

Black soil Humic acid Long-term fertilization Structural characteristics 

Notes

Funding information

This work was supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2018YFD0200407, 2016YFD0300806), National Natural Science Foundation of China (41601247, 41771284), and the Key Fund of Heilongjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences (2018KYJL011).

References

  1. Baldock JA, Oades JM, Nelson PN, Skene TM, Golchin A, Clarke P (1997) Assessing the extent of decomposition of natural organic materials using solid-state 13C NMR spectroscopy. Aust J Soil Res 35:1061–1083CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bedada W, Karltun E, Lemenih LM, Tolera M (2014) Long-term addition of compost and NP fertilizer increases crop yield and improves soil quality in experiments on smallholder farms. Agric Ecosyst Environ 195:193–201CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ben-Dor E, Banin A (1995) Near-infrared analysis as a rapid method to simultaneously evaluate several soil properties. Soil Sci Soc Am J 59:364–372CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bertoncini EI, D'Orazio V, Senesi N, Mattiazzo ME (2008) Effects of sewage sludge amendment on the properties of two Brazilian oxisols and their humic acids. Bioresour Technol 99:4972–4979CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chen CR, Xu ZH, Mathers NJ (2004) Soil carbon pools in adjacent natural and plantation forests of subtropical Australia. Soil Sci Soc Am J 68:282–291CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dergacheva MI, Nekrasova OA, Okoneshnikova MV, Vasil’eva DI, Gavrilov DA, Ochur KO, Ondar EE (2012) Ratio of elements in humic acids as a source of information on the environment of soil formation. Contemp Probl Ecol 5:497–504CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Dı́az-Zorita M, Perfect E, Grove HJ (2002) Disruptive methods for assessing soil structure. Soil Till Res 64:3–22CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Dou S, Tan SW, Xu XC, Chen EF (1991) Effect of pig manure application on the structural characteristics of humic acid in brown soil. Pedosphere 1:345–354Google Scholar
  9. Dou S, Zhang JJ, Li K (2008) Effect of organic matter applications 13C-NMR spectra of humic acids of soil. Eur J Soil Sci 59:532–539CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Foley WJ, McIlwee A, Lawler I, Aragones L, Woolnough AP, Berding N (1998) Ecological applications of near infrared reflectance spectroscopy - a tool for rapid, cost-effective prediction of the composition of plant and animal tissues and aspects of animal performance. Oecologia 116:293–305CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Galantini J, Rosell R (2006) Long-term fertilization effects on soil organic matter quality and dynamics under different production systems in semiarid Pampean soils. Soil Till Res 87:72–79CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Giovanela M, Crespo JS, Antunes M, Adamatti DS, Fernandes AN, Barison A, Silva d CWP, Guégan R, Motelica-Heino M, Sierra MMD (2010) Chemical and spectroscopic characterization of humic acids extracted from the bottom sediments of a Brazilian subtropical microbasin. J Mol Struct 981:111–119CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Guggenberger G (2005) Humification and mineralization in soils. In: Varma A, Buscot F (eds) Microorganisms in soils: roles in genesis and functions. Springer, Berlin, pp 85–106CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hooker BA, Morris TF, Peters R, Cardon ZG (2005) Long-term effects of tillage and corn stalk return on soil carbon dynamics. Soil Sci Soc Am J 69:188–196CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Katsumi N, Yonebayashi K, Okazaki M (2016) Effects of heating on composition, degree of darkness, and stacking nanostructure of soil humic acids. Sci Total Environ 541:23–32CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kelleher BP, Simpson AJ (2006) Humic substances in soils: are they really chemically distinct? Environ Sci Technol 40:4605–4611CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kögel-Knabner I (1997) 13C and 15N NMR spectroscopy as a tool in soil organic matter studies. Geoderma 80:243–270CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kögel-Knabner I (2000) Analytical approaches for characterizing soil organic matter. Org Geochem 31:609–625CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kononova MM (1961) Soil organic matter: its nature, its role in soil formation and in soil fertility. Oxford, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  20. Lal R (2004) Soil C sequestration to mitigate climate change. Geoderma 123:1–22CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Lehmann J, Kleber M (2015) The contentious nature of soil organic matter. Nature 528:60–68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Liu X, Zhang X, Wang Y, Sui Y, Zhang S, Herbert S, Ding G (2010) Soil degradation: a problem threatening the sustainable development of agriculture in Northeast China. Plant Soil Environ 56:87–97CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Lu Y, Chen Z, Kang T, Zhang X, Bellarby J (2016) Land-use changes from arable crop to kiwi-orchard increased nutrient surpluses and accumulation in soils. Agric Ecosyst Environ 223:270–277CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Mathers NJ, Xu ZH (2003) Solid-state13C NMR spectroscopy: characterization of soil organic matter under two contrasting residue management regimes in a 2-year-old pine plantation of subtropical Australia. Geoderma 114:19–31CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Mylotte R, Verheyen V, Reynolds A, Dalton C, Patti AF, Chang RR, Burdon J, Hayes HBM (2015) Isolation and characterisation of recalcitrant organic components from an estuarine sediment core. J Soils Sediments 15:211–224CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Nelson PN, Baldock JA (2005) Estimating the molecular composition of a diverse range of natural organic materials from solid-state 13C NMR and elemental analyses. Biogeochemistry 72:1–34CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Newman RH, Tate KR, Barron PF, Wilson MA (1980) Towards a direct, non-destructive method of characterising soil humic substances using 13C N.M.R. J Soil Sci 31:623–631CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Oades JM, Vassallo AM, Waters AG, Wilson MA (1987) Characterization of organic matter in particle size and density fractions from a red-brown earth by solid-state 13C NMR. Aust J Soil Res 25:71–82CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Plaza C, Senesi N, García-Gil CJ, Brunetti G, D’Orazio V, Polo A (2002) Effects of pig slurry application on soils and soil humic acids. J Agr Food Chem 50:4867–4874CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Rossi QC, Pereira GM, García CA, Berbara LLR, Gazolla RP, Perin A, González PA (2016) Effects on the composition and structural properties of the humified organic matter of soil in sugarcane strawburning: a chronosequence study in the Brazilian Cerrado of Goiás state. Agric Ecosyst Environ 15:34–43CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Schmidt MWI, Knicker H, Hatcher PG, Kögel-Knabner I (1997) Improvement of 13C and 15N CPMAS NMR spectra of bulk soils, particle size fractions and organic material by treatment with 10% hydrofluoric acid. Eur J Soil Sci 48:319–328CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Schmidt MWI, Torn MS, Abiven S, Dittmar T, Guggenberger G, Janssens AI, Kleber M, Kögel-Knabner I, Lehmann J, Manning ACD, Nannipieri P, Rasse PD, Weiner S, Trumbore ES (2011) Persistence of soil organic matter as an ecosystem property. Nature 478:49–56CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Schnitzer M, Monreal CM (2011) Quo Vadis soil organic matter research? A biological link to the chemistry of humification. Adv Agron 113:143–217CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Śmejkalová D, Spaccini R, Piccolo A (2008) Multivariate analysis of CPMAS 13C-NMR spectra of soils and humic matter as a tool to evaluate organic carbon quality in natural systems. Eur J Soil Sci 59:496–504CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Spaccini R, Mbagwu JSC, Conte P, Piccolo A (2006) Changes of humic substances characteristics from forested to cultivated soils in Ethiopia. Geoderma 132:9–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Stevenson FJ (1994) Humus chemistry: genesis, composition, reactions. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  37. Stevenson FJ, He XT (1990) Nitrogen in humic substances as related to soil fertility. In: McCarthy P, Clapp CE, Malcolm RL, Bloom PR (eds) Humic Substances in Soil and Crop Sciences: Selected Readings. Soil Science Society of America and American Society of Agronomy, Madison, Wisconsin, pp 91–109Google Scholar
  38. Stewart CE, Paustian K, Conant RT, Plante AF, Six J (2007) Soil carbon saturation: concept, evidence and evaluation. Biogeochemistry 86:19–31CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Tan KH (2014) Humic matter in soil and the environment: principles and controversies. Marcel Dekker, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. West TO, Six J (2007) Considering the influence of sequestration duration and carbon saturation on estimates of soil carbon capacity. Clim Chang 80:25–41CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Wilson MA, Pugmire RJ, Zilm KW, Goh KM, Heng S, Grant DM (1981) Cross-polarization 13C-NMR spectroscopy with ‘magic angle’ spinning characterizes organic matter in whole soils. Nature 294:648–650CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Xu J, Zhao B, Chu W, Mao J, Zhang J (2017a) Chemical nature of humic substances in two typical Chinese soils (upland vs paddy soil): a comparative advanced solid state NMR study. Sci Total Environ 576:444–452CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Xu J, Zhao B, Chu W, Mao J, Olk D, Zhang J, Wei W (2017b) Evidence from nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy of the processes of soil organic carbon accumulation under long-term fertilizer management. Eur J Soil Sci 68:703–715CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Yu ZH, Wang GH, Jin J, Liu JD, Liu XB (2011) Soil microbial communities are affected more by land use than seasonal variation in restored grassland and cultivated Mollisols in Northeast China. Eur J Soil Biol 47:357–363CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Zech W, Senesi N, Guggenberger G, Kaiser K, Lehmann J, Miano TM, Miltner A, Schroth G (1997) Factors controlling humification and mineralization of soil organic matter in the tropics. Geoderma 79:117–161CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Zhang S, Li Q, Zhang X, Wei K, Chen L, Liang W (2012) Effects of conservation tillage on soil aggregation and aggregate binding agents in black soil of Northeast China. Soil Till Res 124:196–202CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Zhang J, Wang J, An T, Wei D, Chi F, Zhou B (2017) Effects of long-term fertilization on soil humic acid composition and structure in Black Soil. PLoS One 12:e0186918.  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0186918 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Zhu Z, Jin J (2013) Fertilizer use and food security in China. Plant Nutr Fertil Sci 19:259–273 (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jiuming Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Tingting An
    • 2
  • Fengqin Chi
    • 1
  • Dan Wei
    • 3
  • Baoku Zhou
    • 1
  • Xiaoyu Hao
    • 1
  • Liang Jin
    • 1
  • Jingkuan Wang
    • 2
  1. 1.Heilongjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences Postdoctoral Programme, Key Laboratory of Soil Environment and Plant Nutrition of Harbin, Institute of Soil and Fertilizer and Environment ResourcesHeilongjiang Academy of Agricultural SciencesHarbinChina
  2. 2.College of Land and Environment, National Engineering Laboratory for Efficient Utilization of Soil and Fertilizer ResourcesShenyang Agricultural UniversityShenyangChina
  3. 3.Beijing Academy of Agriculture and Forestry SciencesInstitute of Plant Nutrition and ResourcesBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations