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Journal of Soils and Sediments

, Volume 19, Issue 8, pp 3193–3203 | Cite as

Early colonization of constructed Technosols by macro-invertebrates

  • Mickaël HeddeEmail author
  • Johanne Nahmani
  • Geoffroy Séré
  • Apolline Auclerc
  • Jerome Cortet
SUITMA 9: Urbanization — Challenges and Opportunities for Soil Functions and Ecosystem Services

Abstract

Purpose

Anthropogenic activities lead to soil degradation and loss of biodiversity, but also contribute to the creation of novel ecosystems. Pedological engineering aims at constructing Technosols with wastes and by-products to reclaim derelict sites and to restore physico-chemical functions.

Materials and methods

The biological (dynamics of soil and epigeic macroinvertebrate assemblages) and physical (chemical and physical fertility) properties have been studied in two constructed Technosols under grassland during 4 years after their implementation.

Results and discussion

The soils exhibited a moderate chemical fertility (high organic matter and calcium carbonate contents, low nitrogen content) and a good physical fertility that only slightly evolved over the monitored period. Macro-invertebrates have colonized these soils. This colonization was characterized by an increasing number of individuals and species over time. The diversity and abundance values fell within those quoted in the literature for similar natural soils. Epigeic invertebrates presented a succession, indirectly linked to changes in soil parameters. No succession was recorded for soil invertebrates. However, the proportion of soil detritivores, an important functional group for soil evolution, grew consistently. Questions about soil invertebrates’ functional complementarity/redundancy emerge in such artificially created ecosystem.

Conclusions

The constructed Technosol, on which a meadow was sown and well-established after 4 years, can host numerous soil invertebrates. In addition, an increase in diversity was monitored throughout the duration of the study.

Keywords

Brownfield management Earthworms Ground beetles Spiders Succession 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank the students and technical staff of the UMR Ecosys (Ghislaine Delarue, Jean-Pierre Pétraud, Jodie Thénard, Antonine Poitevin, Fabien Abonnel, Estelle Boudon, Sylvain Corbel, Pierre-Antoine Precigout) and of the UMR LSE (Françoise Watteau, Jean-Claude Bégin, Adeline Bouchard, Romain Goudon, Alain Rakoto) units for their help in invertebrate sampling. Thanks to GISFI (Noele Raoult, Cindy Messana, and Lucas Charrois) for the organization of sampling at the Homécourt station of the French Research Center for Soil Pollution and Remediation.

Funding information

This project was supported by a GESSOL IV program “Fonctions environnementales des sols et gestion du patrimoine sol” funded by the French Ministry of Ecology in cooperation with the ADEME (CON - 2009 - no. S.6 – 0006653).

Supplementary material

11368_2018_2142_MOESM1_ESM.docx (36 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 36 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mickaël Hedde
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Johanne Nahmani
    • 3
  • Geoffroy Séré
    • 4
    • 5
  • Apolline Auclerc
    • 4
    • 5
  • Jerome Cortet
    • 6
  1. 1.INRA, UMR 1402 ECOSYS RD 10Versailles CedexFrance
  2. 2.INRA, UMR 1222 Eco&SolsMontpellierFrance
  3. 3.CNRS, UMR 5175 CEFEMontpellier cedex 5France
  4. 4.INRA, LSE, UMR 1120Vandœuvre-lès-NancyFrance
  5. 5.LSE, UMR 1120Université de LorraineVandœuvre-lès-NancyFrance
  6. 6.UMR CEFE 5175, EPHE, Université Paul-Valéry MontpellierUniversité de MontpellierMontpellier CedexFrance

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