Advertisement

Effects of rice straw incorporation and N fertilizer on ryegrass yield, soil quality, and greenhouse gas emissions from paddy soil

  • Fengge Zhang
  • Yeye Che
  • Yan Xiao
Soils, Sec 1 • Soil Organic Matter Dynamics and Nutrient Cycling • Research Article
  • 12 Downloads

Abstract

Purpose

Ryegrass is usually rotated with rice in southern China. The influences of returning ryegrass residues on rice yield and soil dynamics have been studied extensively, but little is known about the effects of returning rice straw on ryegrass growth and soil variations.

Materials and methods

We investigated the effect of straw incorporation and the N fertilizer rate on the ryegrass yield, soil quality, and CO2 and N2O dynamics from soils planted with ryegrass.

Results and discussion

Irrespective of the incorporation rate, N fertilizer promoted ryegrass yield. In comparison to moderate incorporation treatments, high incorporation lowered the ryegrass yield in the low N fertilizer treatments, whereas high straw input increased the yield in the high N treatments. When low N fertilizer was applied, the soil phosphatase, β-glucosidase, and sucrase of straw incorporation treatments were significantly higher than those of non-straw incorporation treatments. Nevertheless, catalase, phosphatase, and β-glucosidase showed no significant differences among straw incorporation treatments in the high N fertilizer groups. In the low N fertilizer treatments, the high incorporation rate increased cumulative CO2 and N2O emissions. However, with low N application, compared with non-straw incorporation treatments, the moderate incorporation had no effect on the cumulative CO2 emissions/ryegrass yield but significantly reduced the cumulative N2O emissions/ryegrass yield.

Conclusions

These results suggested that moderate straw incorporation in combination with low N fertilizer could enhance soil activity and benefit both the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions and forage yield.

Keywords

CO2 emissions Crop residue Forage yield N2O emissions Soil enzyme activity 

Notes

Funding information

This research was supported by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (KYZ201756), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31602006), the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province (BK20171378, BK20160735), and the earmarked fund for China Agriculture Research System (CARS-34).

References

  1. Alijani K, Bahrani MJ, Kazemeini SA (2012) Short-term responses of soil and wheat yield to tillage, corn residue management and nitrogen fertilization. Soil Till Res 124:78–82CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bahrani MJ, Bamdad N, Kazemeini SA (2009) Yield and yield structures of irrigated sunflower cultivars as influenced by tillage and wheat residue management systems. Arch Agron Soil Sci 55:507–514CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Balkcom KS, Reeves DW, Shaw JN, Burmester CH, Curtis LM (2006) Cotton yield and fiber quality from irrigated tillage systems in the Tennessee Valley. Agron J 98:596–602CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bamminger C, Zaiser N, Zinsser P, Lamers M, Kammann C, Marhan S (2014) Effects of biochar, earthworms, and litter addition on soil microbial activity and abundance in a temperate agricultural soil. Biol Fertil Soils 50:1189–1200CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Begum N, Guppy C, Herridge D, Schwenke G (2014) Influence of source and quality of plant residues on emissions of N2O and CO2 from a fertile, acidic black vertisol. Biol Fertil Soils 50:499–506CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cai ZC, Qin SW (2006) Dynamics of crop yields and soil organic carbon in a long-term fertilization experiment in the Huang-Huai-Hai plain of China. Geoderma 136:708–715CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cai ZC, Shan YH, Xu H (2007) Effects of nitrogen fertilization on CH4 emissions from rice fields. Soil Sci Plant Nutr 53:353–361CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Chen B, Liu E, Tian Q, Yan C, Zhang Y (2014) Soil nitrogen dynamics and crop residues. A review. Agron Sustain Dev 34:429–442CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Chen H, Li X, Hu F, Shi W (2013) Soil nitrous oxide emissions following crop residue addition: a meta-analysis. Glob Chang Biol 19:2956–2964CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Damon PM, Bowden B, Rose T, Rengel Z (2014) Crop residue contributions to phosphorus pools in agricultural soils: a review. Soil Biol Biochem 74:127–137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Demisie W, Liu Z, Zhang M (2014) Effect of biochar on carbon fractions and enzyme activity of red soil. Catena 121:214–221CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Dick RP (1992) A review - long-term effects of agricultural systems on soil biochemical and microbial parameters. Agric Ecosyst Environ 40:25–36CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. do Carmo JB, Filoso S, Zotelli LC, de Sousa Neto ER, Pitombo LM, Duarte-Neto PJ, Vargas VP, Andrade CA, Gava GJC, Rossetto R, Cantarella H, Neto AE, Martinelli LA (2013) Infield greenhouse gas emissions from sugarcane soils in Brazil: effects from synthetic and organic fertilizer application and crop trash accumulation. GCB Bioenergy 5:267–280CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Garcia-Ruiz R, Baggs EM (2007) N2O emission from soil following combined application of fertiliser-N and ground weed residues. Plant Soil 299:263–274CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Gentile R, Vanlauwe B, Chivenge P, Six J (2008) Interactive effects from combining fertilizer and organic residue inputs on nitrogen transformations. Soil Biol Biochem 40:2375–2384CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Guangming L, Xuechen Z, Xiuping W, Hongbo S, Jingsong Y, Xiangping W (2017) Soil enzymes as indicators of saline soil fertility under various soil amendments. Agric Ecosyst Environ 237:274–279CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Henriksen TM, Breland TA (1999) Nitrogen availability effects on carbon mineralization, fungal and bacterial growth, and enzyme activities during decomposition of wheat straw in soil. Soil Biol Biochem 31:1121–1134CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Hobbie SE, Eddy WC, Buyarski CR, Adair EC, Ogdahl ML, Weisenhorn P (2012) Response of decomposing litter and its microbial community to multiple forms of nitrogen enrichment. Ecol Monogr 82:389–405CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Hou Z, Li P, Li B, Gong J, Wang Y (2007) Effects of fertigation scheme on N uptake and N use efficiency in cotton. Plant Soil 290:115–126CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Huang Y, Zou JW, Zheng XH, Wang YS, Xu XK (2004) Nitrous oxide emissions as influenced by amendment of plant residues with different C: N ratios. Soil Biol Biochem 36:973–981CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Janssens IA, Dieleman W, Luyssaert S, Subke JA, Reichstein M, Ceulemans R, Ciais P, Dolman AJ, Grace J, Matteucci G, Papale D, Piao SL, Schulze ED, Tang J, Law BE (2010) Reduction of forest soil respiration in response to nitrogen deposition. Nat Geosci 3:315–322CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Jiang C, Yu W, Ma Q, Xu Y, Zhou H (2015) Nitrogen addition alters carbon and nitrogen dynamics during decay of different quality residues. Eco Eng 82:252–257CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Kazemeini SA, Talebbeigi RM, Valizade M (2016) Effect of nitrogen and wheat residue on cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) yield and weed control. Arch Agron Soil Sci 62:395–412CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Lan ZM, Chen CR, Rashti MR, Yang H, Zhang DK (2017) Stoichiometric ratio of dissolved organic carbon to nitrate regulates nitrous oxide emission from the biochar-amended soils. Sci Total Environ 576:559–571CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Li X, Sørensen P, Olesen JE, Petersen SO (2016) Evidence for denitrification as main source of N2O emission from residue-amended soil. Soil Biol Biochem 92:153–160CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Li XG, Jia B, Lv JT, Ma QJ, Kuzyakov Y, Li FM (2017) Nitrogen fertilization decreases the decomposition of soil organic matter and plant residues in planted soils. Soil Biol Biochem 112:47–55CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Liang Q, Chen H, Gong Y, Yang H, Fan M, Kuzyakov Y (2014) Effects of 15 years of manure and mineral fertilizers on enzyme activities in particle-size fractions in a North China Plain soil. Euro J Soil Biol 60:112–119CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Liu E, Yan C, Mei X, He W, Bing SH, Ding L, Liu Q, Liu S, Fan T (2010) Long-term effect of chemical fertilizer, straw, and manure on soil chemical and biological properties in Northwest China. Geoderma 158:173–180CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Mohammad W, Shah SM, Shehzadi S, Shah SA (2012) Effect of tillage, rotation and crop residues on wheat crop productivity, fertilizer nitrogen and water use efficiency and soil organic carbon status in dry area (rainfed) of north-west Pakistan. J Soil Sci Plant Nutri 12:715–727Google Scholar
  30. Muhammad W, Vaughan SM, Dalal RC, Menzies NW (2011) Crop residues and fertilizer nitrogen influence residue decomposition and nitrous oxide emission from a vertisol. Biol Fertil Soils 47:15–23CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Nayak DR, Babu YJ, Adhya TK (2007) Long-term application of compost influences microbial biomass and enzyme activities in a tropical Aeric Endoaquept planted to rice under flooded condition. Soil Biol Biochem 39:1897–1906CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Neff JC, Townsend AR, Gleixner G, Lehman SJ, Turnbull J, Bowman WD (2002) Variable effects of nitrogen additions on the stability and turnover of soil carbon. Nature 419:915–917CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Peng Q, Qi YC, Dong YS, Xiao SS, He YT (2011) Soil nitrous oxide emissions from a typical semiarid temperate steppe in inner Mongolia: effects of mineral nitrogen fertilizer levels and forms. Plant Soil 342:345–357CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Potthoff M, Dyckmans J, Flessa H, Muhs A, Beese F, Joergensen RG (2005) Dynamics of maize (Zea mays L.) leaf straw mineralization as affected by the presence of soil and the availability of nitrogen. Soil Biol Biochem 37:1259–1266CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Raper RL, Reeves DW, Burmester CH, Schwab EB (2000) Tillage depth, tillage timing, and cover crop effects on cotton yield, soil strength, and tillage energy requirements. App Eng Agric 16:379–385CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Recous S, Robin D, Darwis D, Mary B (1995) Soil inorganic N availability: effect on maize residue decomposition. Soil Biol Biochem 27:1529–1538CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Rieger S, Richner W, Streit B, Frossard E, Liedgens M (2008) Growth, yield, and yield components of winter wheat and the effects of tillage intensity, preceding crops, and N fertilisation. Euro J Agron 28:405–411CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Riggs CE, Hobbie SE, Bach EM, Hofmockel KS, Kazanski CE (2015) Nitrogen addition changes grassland soil organic matter decomposition. Biogeochemistry 125:203–219CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Rousk J, Brookes PC, Baath E (2011) Fungal and bacterial growth responses to N fertilization and pH in the 150-year ‘Park Grass’ UK grassland experiment. FEMS Microbiol Ecol 76:89–99CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Saha S, Prakash V, Kundu S, Kumar N, Mina BL (2008) Soil enzymatic activity as affected by long term application of farm yard manure and mineral fertilizer under a rainfed soybean-wheat system in N-W Himalaya. Euro J Soil Biol 44:309–315CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Sanchez-Rodriguez AR, Hill PW, Chadwick DR, Jones DL (2017) Crop residues exacerbate the negative effects of extreme flooding on soil quality. Biol Fertil Soils 53:751–765CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Sanz-Cobena A, Garcia-Marco S, Quemada M, Gabriel JL, Almendros P, Vallejo A (2014) Do cover crops enhance N2O, CO2 or CH4 emissions from soil in Mediterranean arable systems? Sci Total Environ 466:164–174CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Schloter M, Dilly O, Munch JC (2003) Indicators for evaluating soil quality. Agric Ecosyst Environ 98:255–262CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Shan J, Yan XY (2013) Effects of crop residue returning on nitrous oxide emissions in agricultural soils. Atmos Environ 71:170–175CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Song C, Wang L, Tian H, Liu D, Lu C, Xu X, Zhang L, Yang G, Wan Z (2013) Effect of continued nitrogen enrichment on greenhouse gas emissions from a wetland ecosystem in the Sanjiang plain, Northeast China: a 5 year nitrogen addition experiment. J Geophys Res-Biogeo 118:741–751CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Stark CH, Condron LM, O'Callaghan M, Stewart A, Di HJ (2008) Differences in soil enzyme activities, microbial community structure and short-term nitrogen mineralisation resulting from farm management history and organic matter amendments. Soil Biol Biochem 40:1352–1363CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Sun Z, Sänger A, Rebensburg P, Lentzsch P, Wirth S, Kaupenjohann M, Meyer-Aurich A (2017) Contrasting effects of biochar on N2O emission and N uptake at different N fertilizer levels on a temperate sandy loam. Sci Total Environ 578:557–565CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Tang HM, Xiao XP, Tang WG, Wang K, Sun JM, Li WY, Yang GL (2014a) Effects of winter cover crops straws incorporation on CH4 and N2O emission from double-cropping paddy fields in southern China. PLoS One 9:e108322CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Tang HM, Xiao XP, Tang WG, Lin YC, Wang K, Yang GL (2014b) Effects of winter cover crops residue returning on soil enzyme activities and soil microbial community in double-cropping rice fields. PLoS One 9:8Google Scholar
  50. Tejada M, Garcia C, Gonzalez JL, Hernandez MT (2006) Use of organic amendment as a strategy for saline soil remediation: influence on the physical, chemical and biological properties of soil. Soil Biol Biochem 38:1413–1421CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Tu LH, Hu TX, Zhang J, Li XW, Hu HL, Liu L, Xiao YL (2013) Nitrogen addition stimulates different components of soil respiration in a subtropical bamboo ecosystem. Soil Biol Biochem 58:255–264CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Wang CM, Yang XT, Xu K (2018) Effect of chronic nitrogen fertilization on soil CO2 flux in a temperate forest in North China: a 5-year nitrogen addition experiment. J Soils Sediments 18:506–516CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Wang WJ, Baldocka JA, Dalala RC, Moody PW (2004) Decomposition dynamics of plant materials in relation to nitrogen availability and biochemistry determined by NMR and wet-chemical analysis. Soil Biol Biochem 36:2045–2058CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Wang WJ, Reeves SH, Salter B, Moody PW, Dalal RC (2016) Effects of urea formulations, application rates and crop residue retention on N2O emissions from sugarcane fields in Australia. Agric Ecosyst Environ 216:137–146CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Xu Y, Fan J, Ding W, Bol R, Chen Z, Luo J, Bolan N (2016) Stage-specific response of litter decomposition to N and S amendments in a subtropical forest soil. Biol Fertil Soils 52:711–724CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Yamamoto A, Akiyama H, Nakajima Y, Hoshino YT (2017) Estimate of bacterial and fungal N2O production processes after crop residue input and fertilizer application to an agricultural field by N15 isotopomer analysis. Soil Biol Biochem 108:9–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Zhang AF, Cui LQ, Pan GX, Li LQ, Hussain Q, Zhang XH, Zheng JW, Crowley D (2010) Effect of biochar amendment on yield and methane and nitrous oxide emissions from a rice paddy from Tai Lake plain, China. Agric Ecosyst Environ 139:469–475CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Zhang B, Gao Q, Xu S, Ma L, Tian C (2016) Long-term effect of residue return and fertilization on microbial biomass and community composition of a clay loam soil. J Agric Sci 154:1051–1061CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Zhao BZ, Zhang JB, Yu YY, Karlen DL, Hao XY (2016) Crop residue management and fertilization effects on soil organic matter and associated biological properties. Environ Sci Pollut Res 23:17581–17591CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Zhu T, Zhang J, Yang W, Cai Z (2013) Effects of organic material amendment and water content on NO, N2O, and N2 emissions in a nitrate-rich vegetable soil. Biol Fertil Soils 49:153–163CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Agro-grassland ScienceNanjing Agricultural UniversityNanjingPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations