Advertisement

Journal of Soils and Sediments

, Volume 19, Issue 2, pp 822–829 | Cite as

Heavy metal accumulation and mobility in a soil profile depend on the organic waste type applied

  • Byoung-Hwan Seo
  • Hyuck Soo Kim
  • Soon-Ik Kwon
  • Gary Owens
  • Kwon-Rae KimEmail author
Soils, Sec 4 • Ecotoxicology • Research Article
  • 110 Downloads

Abstract

Purpose

While organic waste amendments can initially improve soil physicochemical properties, including nutritional benefits to plants and increased microorganism activity, long-term application of excessive amounts of organic wastes can cause accumulation of heavy metals (HMs). Thus, the current study examined the accumulation of HMs in agricultural soil profiles following organic waste application.

Materials and methods

Three common organic sludge, including municipal sewage sludge (MSS), industrial sewage sludge (ISS), and leather sludge (LS), were applied annually to an agricultural soil under field conditions over 7 years (1994–2000) at a rate of 25 and 50 t ha−1 year−1. Subsequently, when organic sludge amendments were ceased, the experimental plots were cultivated without any treatments for another 12 years (2001–2012) and the changes in HM concentrations along the soil depth profile were monitored together with soil pH, dissolved organic carbon (DOC), and dehydrogenase activity (DHA).

Results and discussion

Significant increases in Cu, Pb, and Zn concentrations were observed down to a depth of 80 cm in soils treated with ISS and LS, where sludge application also increased the levels of Cd, Cr, Pb, and Zn and their movement down the soil profile. However, with the exception of Cu, no significant changes in HM concentrations were observed following treatment with MSS. At a depth of 80 cm, soils which had received 25 and 50 t ha−1 LS showed, respectively, 4 and 14 times higher Cr levels than the control soil.

Conclusions

Organic sludge induced changes in soil pH and soil DOC concentration which were the key factors influencing HM movement and accumulation following organic sludge treatment.

Keywords

Industrial sewage sludge Leather sludge Long-term application Municipal sewage sludge Organic waste Soil heavy metals 

Notes

Funding information

This study was carried out with the support of “Research Program for Agricultural Science & Technology Development (Project No. PJ01332103)”, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration, Republic of Korea. Dr. Gary Owens gratefully acknowledges the financial support of the Australian Research Council Future Fellowship Scheme (grant number FT120100799) for funding his salary.

References

  1. Achiba WB, Gabteni N, Lakhdar A, Laing GD, Verloo M, Jedidi N, Gallali T (2009) Effects of 5-year application of municipal solid waste compost on the distribution and mobility of heavy metals in a Tunisian calcareous soil. Agric Ecosyst Environ 130:156–163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Andersson S, Nilsson SI (2001) Influence of pH and temperature on microbial activity, substrate availability of soil-solution bacteria and leaching of dissolved organic carbon in a mor humus. Soil Biol Biochem 33:1181–1191CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Angin I, Aslantas R, Gunes A, Kose M, Ozkan G (2017) Effects of sewage sludge amendment on some soil properties, growth, yield and nutrient content of raspberry (Rubus idaeus L.). Erwerbs-obstbau 59:93–99CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Antoniadis V, Alloway BJ (2002) The role of dissolved organic carbon in the mobility of Cd, Ni and Zn in sewage sludge-amended soils. Environ Pollut 117:515–521CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bolan NS, Adriano DC, Mani PA, Duraisamy A (2003) Immobilization and phytoavailability of cadmium in variable charge soils. II. Effect of lime addition. Plant Soil 251:187–198CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cherif H, Ayari F, Ouzari H, Marzorati M, Brusetti L, Jedidi N, Hassen A, Daffonchio D (2009) Effects of municipal solid waste compost, farmyard manure and chemical fertilizers on wheat growth, soil composition and soil bacterial characteristics under Tunisian arid climate. Eur J Soil Biol 45:138–145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Clemente R, Dickinson NM, Lepp NW (2008) Mobility of metals and metalloids in a multi-element contaminated soil 20 years after cessation of the pollution source activity. Environ Pollut 155:254–261CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. De Matos AT, Fontes MPF, Da Costa LM, Martinez MA (2001) Mobility of heavy metals as related to soil chemical and mineralogical characteristics of Brazilian soils. Environ Pollut 111:429–435CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Egiarte G, Pinto M, Ruíz-Romera E, Arbestain MC (2008) Monitoring heavy metal concentrations in leachates from a forest soil subjected to repeated applications of sewage sludge. Environ Pollut 156:840–848CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Gray CW, Dunham SJ, Dennis PG, Zhao FJ, McGrath SP (2006) Field evaluation of in situ remediation of a heavy metal contaminated soil using lime and red-mud. Environ Pollut 142:530–539CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Harter RD, Naidu R (1995) Role of metal–organic complexation in metal sorption by soils. Adv Agron 35:219–263CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hwang IK, Kang HH, Lee IS, Oh JE (2012) Assessment of characteristic distribution of PCDD/Fs and BFRs in sludge generated at municipal and industrial wastewater treatment plants. Chemosphere 88:888–894CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Igbinosa EO (2015) Effect of cassava mill effluent on biological activity of soil microbial community. Environ Monit Assess 187:418CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Illera V, Walter I, Souza P, Cala V (2000) Short-term effects of biosolid and municipal solid waste applications on heavy metals distribution in a degraded soil under a semi-arid environment. Sci Total Environ 255:29–44CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Jamali MK, Kazi TG, Arain MB, Afridi HI, Jalbani N, Kandhro GA, Shah AQ, Baig JA (2009) Heavy metal accumulation in different varieties of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) grown in soil amended with domestic sewage sludge. J Hazard Mater 164:1386–1391CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Jamil M, Qacim M, Umar M (2006) Utilization of sewage sludge as organic fertilizer in sustainable agriculture. J Appl Sci 6:531–535CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kavouras P, Pantazopoulou E, Varitis S, Vourlias G, Chrissafis K, Dimitrakopulos GP, Mitrakas M, Zouboulis AI, Karakostas T, Xenidis A (2015) Incineration of tannery sludge under oxic and anoxic conditions: study of chromium speciation. J Hazard Mater 283:672–679CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kidd PS, Domínguez-Rodríguez MJ, Díez J, Monterroso C (2007) Bioavailability and plant accumulation of heavy metals and phosphorus in agricultural soils amended by long-term application of sewage sludge. Chemosphere 66:1458–1467CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kim KR, Owens G, Naidu R (2009) Heavy metal distribution, bioaccessibility, and phytoavailability in long-term contaminated soils from Lake Macquarie, Australia. Aust J Soil Res 47:166–176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Kim KR, Kim JG, Park JS, Kim MS, Owens G, Youn GH, Lee JS (2012) Immobilizer-assisted management of metal-contaminated agricultural soils for safer food production. J Environ Manag 102:88–95CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Kim HS, Kim KR, Kim HJ, Yoon JH, Yang JE, Ok YS, Owens G, Kim KH (2015) Effect of biochar on heavy metal immobilization and uptake by lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) in agricultural soil. Environ Earth Sci 74:1249–1259CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Kim HS, Seo BH, Bae JS, Kim WI, Owens G, Kim KR (2016) An integrated approach to safer plant production on metal contaminated soils using species selection and chemical immobilization. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 131:89–95CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Kumar V, Chopra AK, Srivastava S (2016) Assessment of heavy metals in spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.) grown in sewage sludge–amended soil. Commun Soil Sci Plant Anal 47:221–236CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Long GQ, Jiang YJ, Sun B (2015) Seasonal and inter-annual variation of leaching of dissolved organic carbon and nitrogen under long-term manure application in an acidic clay soil in subtropical China. Soil Tillage Res 146:270–278CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Madrid F, López R, Cabrera F (2007) Metal accumulation in soil after application of municipal solid waste compost under intensive farming conditions. Agric Ecosyst Environ 119:249–256CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Mantovi P, Baldoni G, Toderi G (2005) Reuse of liquid, dewatered, and composted sewage sludge on agricultural land: effects of long-term application on soil and crop. Water Res 39:289–296CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Martines AM, Nogueira MA, Santos CA, Nakatani AS, Andrade CA, Coscione AR, Cantarella H, Sousa JP, Cardoso EJBN (2010) Ammonia volatilization in soil treated with tannery sludge. Bioresour Technol 101:4690–4696CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (2015) Fertilizer Management Act 2015. Sejong, KoreaGoogle Scholar
  29. Ministry of Environment (2010) Soil environment conservation act. Ministry of Environment, Gwacheon, KoreaGoogle Scholar
  30. Ministry of Environment (2014) Soil measurement network and soil pollution investigation. Ministry of Environment, Sejong, KoreaGoogle Scholar
  31. Ministry of Environment (2015) The state of waste generation and treatment in 2014. Ministry of Environment, Sejong, KoreaGoogle Scholar
  32. Nardi S, Morari F, Berti A, Tosoni M, Giardini L (2004) Soil organic matter properties after 40 years of different use of organic and mineral fertilisers. Eur J Agron 21:357–367CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Oliveira A, Pampulha ME (2006) Effects of long-term heavy metal contamination on soil microbial characteristics. J Biosci Bioeng 102:157–161CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Park JH, Lamb D, Paneerselvam P, Choppala G, Bolan N, Chung JW (2011) Role of organic amendments on enhanced bioremediation of heavy metal(loid) contaminated soils. J Hazard Mater 185:549–574CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Roig N, Sierra J, Martí E, Nadal M, Schuhmacher M, Domingo JL (2012) Long-term amendment of Spanish soils with sewage sludge: effects on soil functioning. Agric Ecosyst Environ 158:41–48CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Sánchez-Martín MJ, García-Delgado M, Lorenzo LF, Rodríguez-Cruz MS, Arienzo M (2007) Heavy metals in sewage sludge amended soils determined by sequential extractions as a function of incubation time of soils. Geoderma 142:262–273CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Ščančar J, Milačič R, Stražar M, Burica O (2000) Total metal concentrations and partitioning of Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Ni and Zn in sewage sludge. Sci Total Environ 250:9–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Singh RP, Agrawal M (2007) Effects of sewage sludge amendment on heavy metal accumulation and consequent responses of Beta vulgaris plants. Chemosphere 67:2229–2240CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Singh RP, Agrawal M (2008) Potential benefits and risks of land application of sewage sludge. Waste Manag 28:347–358CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Speir TW, Van Schaik AP, Percival HJ, Close ME, Pang L (2003) Heavy metals in soil, plants and groundwater following high-rate sewage sludge application to land. Water Air Soil Pollut 150:319–358CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Tabatabai MA (1994) Soil enzymes. In: Weaver RW (ed) Methods of soil analysis, part 2, microbiological and biochemical properties. Madison, Wisconsin, pp 775–833Google Scholar
  42. Udom BE, Mbagwu JSC, Adesodun JK, Agbim NN (2004) Distributions of zinc, copper, cadmium and lead in a tropical ultisol after long-term disposal of sewage sludge. Environ Int 30:467–470CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Van Breemen N, Van Dijk HFG (1988) Ecosystem effects of atmospheric deposition of nitrogen in the Netherlands. Environ Pollut 54:249–274CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Weber J, Karczewska A, Drozd J, Licznar M, Licznar S, Jamroz E, Kocowicz A (2007) Agricultural and ecological aspects of a sandy soil as affected by the application of municipal solid waste composts. Soil Biol Biochem 39:1294–1302CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Wei Y, Liu Y (2005) Effects of sewage sludge compost application on crops and cropland in a 3-year field study. Chemosphere 59:1257–1265CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Wright AL, Provin TL, Hons FM, Zuberer DA, White RH (2008) Compost impacts on dissolved organic carbon and available nitrogen and phosphorus in turfgrass soil. Waste Manag 28:1057–1063CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Yoon JK, Kim DH, Kim TS, Park JG, Chung IR, Kim JH, Kim H (2009) Evaluation on natural background of the soil heavy metals in Korea. J Soil Groundwater Envion 14:32–39Google Scholar
  48. Zhao B, Maeda M, Zhang J, Zhu A, Ozaki Y (2006) Accumulation and chemical fractionation of heavy metals in andisols after a different, 6-year fertilization management. Environ Sci Pollut Res 13:90–97CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Byoung-Hwan Seo
    • 1
  • Hyuck Soo Kim
    • 2
  • Soon-Ik Kwon
    • 3
  • Gary Owens
    • 4
  • Kwon-Rae Kim
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Agronomy and Medicinal Plant ResourcesGyeongnam National University of Science and TechnologyJinjuRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Department of Biological EnvironmentKangwon National UniversityChuncheonRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.Climate Change and Agroecology Division, Department of Agricultural EnvironmentNational Institute of Agricultural SciencesWanjuRepublic of Korea
  4. 4.Environmental Contaminants Group, Future Industries InstituteUniversity of South AustraliaMawson LakesAustralia

Personalised recommendations