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Journal of Soils and Sediments

, Volume 19, Issue 1, pp 198–210 | Cite as

Dynamic influence of S fertilizer on Cu bioavailability in rice (Oryza sativa L.) rhizosphere soil during the whole life cycle of rice plants

  • Lijuan Sun
  • Qinglin Liu
  • Yong Xue
  • Chen Xu
  • Cheng Peng
  • Xiaofeng Yuan
  • Jiyan Shi
Soils, Sec 3 • Remediation and Management of Contaminated or Degraded Lands • Research Article

Abstract

Purpose

Addition of S fertilizer influences the behavior of metals in soil, the mechanism of which has not been extensively studied to date. We explored the dynamic influence of S fertilizer (S0 and Na2SO4) applied in paddy soils on Cu bioavailability in rice rhizosphere soil during the life cycle of rice plants.

Materials and methods

Through a microcosm experiment, the speciation of Cu and S in rhizosphere soil was explored by traditional chemical extraction methods and advanced synchrotron-based X-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopy (XANES) techniques.

Results and discussion

In the vegetative stages of rice plants, sulfur fertilization increased the concentration of bioavailable Cu, as well as the dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentration in rhizosphere soil. Meanwhile, a higher proportion of Cu-humic substances was found in soil treated with S than that in control soil. However, extended flooding conditions led to the reduction of S fertilizer to sulfide, which provided the substrate for Cu2S formation. Thus, in the reproductive stages of rice plants, a higher proportion of Cu2S formation from +S treatments led to a relatively lower concentration of bioavailable Cu in rice rhizosphere soil than in control soil.

Conclusions

The influence of S fertilizer on Cu bioavailability depended on the growth stage of rice plants. Both the DOC and redox potential (Eh) were changed by S fertilization in paddy soils and are critical factors that control Cu speciation in rice rhizosphere soil.

Keywords

Bioavailability Cu Paddy rice Speciation S fertilizer 

Notes

Funding information

The work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (11179025, 41422107, U1532103), National Key Research and Development Program of China (2016YFD0800401), Shanghai Sailing Program (18YF1421100), and Excellent Team Program of Shanghai Academy of Agricultural Sciences (Nongkechuang 2017(A-03)). We would like to express our great gratitude to Lirong Zheng at the beamline 1W1B and Lei Zheng at beamline 4B7A of Beijing Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences for their generous help in Cu and S K-edge XANES collection and analysis, respectively.

Supplementary material

11368_2018_2009_MOESM1_ESM.docx (313 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 313 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.MOE Key Laboratory of Environment Remediation and Ecological Health, College of Environmental & Resource ScienceZhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina
  2. 2.Department of Environmental Engineering, College of Environmental and Resource SciencesZhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina
  3. 3.Institute of ECO-Environment and Plant ProtectionShanghai Academy of Agricultural SciencesShanghaiChina
  4. 4.Bestwa Environmental Protection Sci-Tech Co. LtdHangzhouChina
  5. 5.College of Environmental Science and EngineeringDonghua UniversityShanghaiChina
  6. 6.College of Life ScienceZhejiang Chinese Medical UniversityHangzhouChina

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