Advertisement

Springer Nature is making Coronavirus research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Effects of fertilization practices on aluminum fractions and species in a wheat soil

Abstract

Purpose

To better understand the effect of fertilizer practices on soil acidification and soil organic matter (SOM) stocks in a rice-wheat system, a field experiment was conducted to (i) investigate the influence of fertilizer practices on the Al forms in solid phases and the distribution of Al species in water extracts and (ii) explore the relationship between the Al forms, the quantity and composition of SOM, and soil acidity.

Materials and methods

Seven fertilizer treatments including CL (no fertilizer), NK, PK, NPK, N2PK (PK and 125 % of N), NP2K (NK and 125 % of P), and organic fertilizer (OF) were applied to induce various changes in pH and SOM composition (i.e., total C and N contents, C/N ratio, and SOM recalcitrant indices) in a rice-wheat system. After 6-year cultivation, different pools of Al forms (i.e., amorphous Al; organically bound Al of varying stability; exchangeable Al; water-soluble inorganic Al3+, Al-OH, Al-F, Al-SiO3, and Al-SO4; and organic Al monomers) were quantified and related with SOM composition and soil pH during the wheat phase.

Results and discussion

Fertilizer types significantly changed soil pH and SOM composition and which explained 84 % of the variance of Al forms using redundancy analysis. An interaction between soil pH and SOM quality on Al forms also existed but only accounted for a very small (6 %) portion of the variation. Compared to CL and chemical fertilizer, OF practice with relative low SOM stabilization is likely to favor the formation of amorphous Al in order to bind more SOM. The decrease in exchangeable acidity and water-extractable Al via hydroxyl-Al precipitation but not in the form of organo-aluminum complexes evidenced this phenomenon. In contrast, chemical fertilizer input increased exchangeable Al and water extract Al (especially Al3+), partly at the expense of organically bound Al. The destabilization of organic-aluminum complexes was a mechanism of pH buffering evidenced by the increased soluble Al-dissolved organic matter (DOM) as soil pH decreases. Further, the magnitude of this trend was much greater for elevated N input compared with P input.

Conclusions

Chemical fertilizer with relative high SOM stabilization favored the formation of exchangeable Al and soluble Al resulting in soil acidification, whereas OF with relative low SOM stabilization tended to transform exchangeable Al and soluble Al to amorphous Al, thereby alleviating soil acidification and enhancing C stocks in a rice-wheat system.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5

References

  1. Alleoni LR, Cambri MA, Caires EF, Garbuio FJ (2010) Acidity and aluminum speciation as affected by surface liming in tropical no-till soils. Soil Sci Soc Am J 74:1010–1017

  2. Allison JD, Brown DS, Kevin J (1991) MINTEQA2/PRODEFA2, a geochemical assessment model for environmental systems: version 3.0 user’s manual. Environmental Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, US Environmental Protection Agency, Athens

  3. Álvarez E, Fernández-Sanjurjo M, Núñez A, Seco N, Corti G (2012) Aluminium fractionation and speciation in bulk and rhizosphere of a grass soil amended with mussel shells or lime. Geoderma 173:322–329

  4. Bascomb C (1968) Distribution of pyrophosphate-extractable iron and organic carbon in soils of various groups. J Soil Sci 19:251–268

  5. Borůvka L, Nikodem A, Drábek O, Vokurková P, Tejnecký V, Pavlů L (2009) Assessment of soil aluminium pools along three mountainous elevation gradients. J Inorg Biochem 103:1449–1458

  6. Brown TT, Koenig RT, Huggins DR, Harsh JB, Rossi RE (2008) Lime effects on soil acidity, crop yield, and aluminum chemistry in direct-seeded cropping systems. Soil Sci Soc Am J 72:634–640

  7. Butterly CR, Bhatta Kaudal B, Baldock JA, Tang C (2011) Contribution of soluble and insoluble fractions of agricultural residues to short-term pH changes. European J Soil Sci 62:718–727

  8. Chamier J, Wicht M, Cyster L, Ndindi NP (2015) Aluminium (Al) fractionation and speciation; getting closer to describing the factors influencing Al3+ in water impacted by acid mine drainage. Chemosphere 130:17–23

  9. Collignon C, Boudot J-P, Turpault MP (2012) Time change of aluminium toxicity in the acid bulk soil and the rhizosphere in Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) and beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) stands. Plant Soil 357:259–274

  10. Cotrufo MF, Wallenstein MD, Boot CM, Denef K, Paul E (2013) The Microbial Efficiency-Matrix Stabilization (MEMS) framework integrates plant litter decomposition with soil organic matter stabilization: do labile plant inputs form stable soil organic matter? Glob Chang Biol 19:988–995

  11. Delhaize E, Gruber BD, Ryan PR (2007) The roles of organic anion permeases in aluminium resistance and mineral nutrition. Febs Lett 581:2255–2262

  12. Drabek O, Boruvka L, Mladkova L, Kocarek M (2003) Possible method of aluminium speciation in forest soils. J Inorg Biochem 97:8–15

  13. Driscoll CT, Schecher WD (1990) The chemistry of aluminum in the environment. Environ Geochem Health 12:28–49

  14. Eimil-Fraga C, Álvarez-Rodríguez E, Rodríguez-Soalleiro R, Fernández-Sanjurjo MJ (2015) Influence of parent material on the aluminium fractions in acidic soils under Pinus pinaster in Galicia (NW Spain). Geoderma 255:50–57

  15. Fuller MP, Griffiths PR (1978) Diffuse reflectance measurements by infrared Fourier transform spectrometry. Anal Chem 50:1906–1910

  16. García-Rodeja E, Nóvoa JC, Pontevedra X, Martínez-Cortizas A, Buurman P (2004) Aluminium fractionation of European volcanic soils by selective dissolution techniques. Catena 56:155–183

  17. Gong ZT, Zhang G L, Chen ZC (2003) Development of soil classification in China. Soil classification: a global desk reference, 101-125

  18. Gregorich E, Ellert B (1993) Light fraction and macroorganic matter in mineral soils. Soil sampling and methods of analysis, Canadian Society of Soil Science, Lewis publisher, Division of CRC press, Bocaraton, pp 397–407

  19. Guo J, Liu X, Zhang Y, Shen J, Han W, Zhang W, Christie P, Goulding K, Vitousek P, Zhang F (2010) Significant acidification in major Chinese croplands. Science 327:1008–1010

  20. Hatcher L, Stepanski EJ (1994) A step-by-step approach to using the SAS system for univariate and multivariate statistics. SAS Institute

  21. Kaal J, Costa-Casais M, Ferro-Vazquez C, Pontevedra-Pombal X, Martinez-Cortizas A (2008) Soil formation of “Atlantic rankers” from NW Spain-a high resolution aluminium and iron fractionation study. Pedosphere 18:441–453

  22. Kaiser M, Ellerbrock R, Gerke H (2007) Long-term effects of crop rotation and fertilization on soil organic matter composition. European J Soil Sci 58:1460–1470

  23. Ladha JK, Pathak H, Tirol-Padre A, Dawe D, Gupta RK (2003) Productivity trends in intensive rice-wheat cropping systems in Asia. Improving the productivity and sustainability of rice-wheat systems: issues and impacts, Madison, pp 45–76

  24. Lützow M, Kögel-Knabner I, Ekschmitt K, Matzner E, Guggenberger G, Marschner B, Flessa H (2006) Stabilization of organic matter in temperate soils: mechanisms and their relevance under different soil conditions—a review. European J Soil Sci 57:426–445

  25. Matúš P, Kubová J, Bujdoš M (2006) Free aluminium extraction from various reference materials and acid soils with relation to plant availability. Talanta 70:996–1005

  26. McKeague J, Day JH (1966) Dithionite-and oxalate-extractable Fe and Al as aids in differentiating various classes of soils. Can J Soil Sci 46:13–22

  27. Mikutta R, Kleber M, Torn MS, Jahn R (2006) Stabilization of soil organic matter: association with minerals or chemical recalcitrance? Biogeosciences 77:25–56

  28. Miller AJ, Amundson R, Burke I, Yonker C (2004) The effect of climate and cultivation on soil organic C and N. Biogeosciences 67:57–72

  29. Mulder J, De Wit HA, Boonen HW, Bakken LR (2001) Increased levels of aluminium in forest soils: effects on the stores of soil organic carbon. Water Air Soil Pollut 130:989–994

  30. Nayak A, Gangwar B, Shukla AK, Mazumdar SP, Kumar A, Raja R, Kumar A, Kumar V, Rai P, Mohan U (2012) Long-term effect of different integrated nutrient management on soil organic carbon and its fractions and sustainability of rice–wheat system in Indo Gangetic Plains of India. Field Crop Res 127:129–139

  31. Nogueirol RC, Monteiro FA, Azevedo RA (2015) Tropical soils cultivated with tomato: fractionation and speciation of Al. Environ Monit Assess 187:1–8

  32. Nóvoa-Muñoz J, Gayoso EG-R (2007) Modification of soil solid aluminium phases during an extreme experimental acidification of A horizons of forest soils from southwest Europe, Acid Rain-Deposition to Recovery. Springer, 235–239

  33. Rasmussen C, Southard RJ, Horwath WR (2006) Mineral control of organic carbon mineralization in a range of temperate conifer forest soils. Glob Chang Biol 12:834–847

  34. Rukshana F, Butterly CR, Baldock JA, Tang C (2011) Model organic compounds differ in their effects on pH changes of two soils differing in initial pH. Biol Fertil Soils 47:51–62

  35. Ryals R, Kaiser M, Torn MS, Berhe AA, Silver WL (2014) Impacts of organic matter amendments on carbon and nitrogen dynamics in grassland soils. Soil Biol Biochem 68:52–61

  36. Ryan P, Tyerman S, Sasaki T, Furuichi T, Yamamoto Y, Zhang W, Delhaize E (2011) The identification of aluminium-resistance genes provides opportunities for enhancing crop production on acid soils. J Exp Bot 62:9–20

  37. Scheel T, Jansen B, Van Wijk A, Verstraten J, Kalbitz K (2008) Stabilization of dissolved organic matter by aluminium: a toxic effect or stabilization through precipitation? Eur J Soil Sci 59:1122–1132

  38. Soil Survey Staff (2014) Keys to soil taxonomy, twelfthth edn. USDA-Natural Resources Conservation Service, Washington, DC, p 307

  39. Tang C, Yu Q (1999) Impact of chemical composition of legume residues and initial soil pH on pH change of a soil after residue incorporation. Plant Soil 215:29–38

  40. Ter Braak CJ, Smilauer P (2002) CANOCO reference manual and CanoDraw for Windows user’s guide: software for canonical community ordination (version 4.5), www.canoco.com

  41. Tian K, Zhao Y, Xu X, Hai N, Huang B, Deng W (2015) Effects of long-term fertilization and residue management on soil organic carbon changes in paddy soils of China: a meta-analysis. Agr Ecosyst Environ 204:40–50

  42. Valle SR, Carrasco J, Pinochet D, Calderini DF (2009) Grain yield, above-ground and root biomass of Al-tolerant and Al-sensitive wheat cultivars under different soil aluminum concentrations at field conditions. Plant Soil 318:299–310

  43. Van Breemen N, Driscoll C, Mulder J (1984) Acidic deposition and internal proton sources in acidification of soils and waters. Nature 307:599–604

  44. Vieira FC, He ZL, Bayer C, Stoffella PJ, Baligar VC (2008) Organic amendment effects on the transformation and fractionation of aluminum in acidic sandy soil. Commun Soil Sci Plan 39:2678–2694

  45. Walna B, Spychalski W, Siepak J (2005) Assessment of potentially reactive pools of aluminium in poor forest soils using two methods of fractionation analysis. J Inorg Biochem 99:1807–1816

  46. Wang L, Butterly C, Yang X, Wang Y, Herath H, Jiang X (2012) Use of crop residues with alkaline slag to ameliorate soil acidity in an Ultisol. Soil Use Manag 28:148–156

  47. Weligama C, Tang C, Sale PWG, Conyers M, Liu D (2008) Localised nitrate and phosphate application enhances root proliferation by wheat and maximises rhizosphere alkalisation in acid subsoil. Plant Soil 312:101–115

  48. Wen Y, Li H, Xiao J, Wang C, Shen Q, Ran W, He X, Zhou Q, Yu G (2014a) Insights into complexation of dissolved organic matter and Al (III) and nanominerals formation in soils under contrasting fertilizations using two-dimensional correlation spectroscopy and high resolution-transmission electron microscopy techniques. Chemosphere 111:441–449

  49. Wen Y, Xiao J, Li H, Shen Q, Ran W, Zhou Q, Yu G, He X (2014b) Long-term fertilization practices alter aluminum fractions and coordinate state in soil colloids. Soil Sci Soc Am J 78:2083–2089

  50. Xu RK, Coventry DR (2003) Soil pH changes associated with lupin and wheat plant materials incorporated in a red-brown earth soil. Plant Soil 250:113–119

  51. Xu JM, Tang C, Chen ZL (2006) The role of plant residues in pH change of acid soils differing in initial pH. Soil Biol Biochem 38:709–719

  52. Yan F, Schubert S, Mengel K (1996) Soil pH increase due to biological decarboxylation of organic anions. Soil Biol Biochem 28:617–624

  53. Yu GH, Wu MJ, Wei GR, Luo YH, Ran W, Wang BR, Zhang JC, Shen QR (2012) Binding of organic ligands with Al (III) in dissolved organic matter from soil: implications for soil organic carbon storage. Environ Sci Technol 46:6102–6109

Download references

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Funds of China (No. 41401336), Natural Science Funds of Jiang Su Province, China (No. BK20130105), Research Fund of State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, Chinese Academy of Science (No. Y412201452), and Environmental Protection Public Benefit Research Foundation of China (No. 201309036).

Author information

Correspondence to Lei Wang or Yunguan Xi.

Additional information

Responsible editor: Claudio Bini

Electronic supplementary material

Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material.

ESM 1

(DOCX 41 kb)

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Wang, L., Butterly, C.R., Tian, W. et al. Effects of fertilization practices on aluminum fractions and species in a wheat soil. J Soils Sediments 16, 1933–1943 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11368-016-1380-y

Download citation

Keywords

  • Al transformation
  • Carbon stocks
  • Rice-wheat system
  • Soil acidification
  • Soil organic matter composition