Physiological and biochemical responses of Dolichos lablab L. to cadmium support its potential as a cadmium phytoremediator
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This study aims to investigate the response of a high biomass producer non-hyperaccumulator legume plant species, Dolichos lablab L., to cadmium (Cd) stress for phytoremediation process.
Materials and methods
Three individual experiments were carried out to assess physiological and biochemical parameters to support the use of this plant species as a phytoremediator. The first experiment was carried out in Cd-contaminated soil while the second and third experiments were conducted in sand in which Cd was applied to study biochemical responses. Analysis of mineral nutrition, phytoremediation parameters, antioxidant response, and protein identification by gel-based proteomics were performed.
Results and discussion
Good tolerance to Cd under moderate level of contamination was observed. Mineral nutrition was little affected, and phytoremediation index was satisfactory. Additionally, biochemical responses based on antioxidant enzyme analysis were well responsive in roots, reflecting the capacity of Cd stress attenuation in this organ. A proteomic analysis revealed positive regulation of root proteins involved in carbohydrate, amino acids, nitrogen metabolism, and abiotic/biotic stress response, which together may contribute to create a scenario to overcome Cd-induced stress.
Based on the physiological and biochemical results, we concluded that D. lablab L. is suitable for phytoremediation/phytostabilization purposes.
KeywordsAntioxidant metabolism Heavy metal Oxidative stress Phytostabilization
This work was funded by Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP—grant no. 2009/54676-0), which also granted to L.A.S. (FAPESP Scholarship 2010/50167-0), M.N.D. (FAPESP Scholarship 2011/50368-9), and D.S. (FAPESP Scholarship 2011/21123-8) graduate scholarships. Thanks are also due to the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq—grant no. 477652/2010-7), which also granted to R.A.A. a research fellowship (CNPq no. 302540/2011-3)
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