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Assessment of the resilience and resistance of remediated soils using denitrification as model process

Abstract

Purpose

Soil contamination by pollutants is increasing, urging for remediation strategies but little is known about the functional sustainability of these strategies.

Materials and methods

We assessed the resistance and resistance of a microbial respiratory process, denitrification, to two different levels of heat-drought disturbances among (1) thermally treated industrial soil, (2) constructed Technosol made of thermally treated soil, compost, and paper by products, and (3) an arable soil.

Results and discussion

We showed that thermal remediation lead to low resistance and resilience after disturbances. However, addition of compost and paper mill sludge improved the stability.

Conclusions

This work underlines the relevance of resistance and resilience ecological concepts for assessing remediation strategies.

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Acknowledgments

The PhD work of Farhan Hafeez was funded by the Higher Education Commission, HEC (Pakistan). This project was supported by a GESSOL IV program “Fonctions environnementales des sols et gestion du patrimoine sol” funded by the French Ministry of Ecology in cooperation with the ADEME (contracts no S.6-0006653 with INPL and S.6-0006654 with INRA). We also thank the GISFI, Professor C. Schwartz, Professor J.L. Morel, J. Cortet, and G. Séré (Université de Lorraine, France).

Author information

Correspondence to Fabrice Martin-Laurent.

Additional information

Responsible editor: Jizheng He

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Hafeez, F., Philippot, L., Spor, A. et al. Assessment of the resilience and resistance of remediated soils using denitrification as model process. J Soils Sediments 14, 178–182 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11368-013-0780-5

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Keywords

  • Microbial ecology
  • Nitrogen cycling
  • Soil pollutant
  • Soil remediation
  • Stability