The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment

, Volume 19, Issue 10, pp 1705–1715 | Cite as

Fouling release coating application as an environmentally efficient retrofit: a case study of a ferry-type ship

  • Eduardo Blanco-DavisEmail author
  • Francisco del Castillo
  • Peilin Zhou


Purpose and methods

The paper introduces a simple retrofit performed on a case study vessel, with the aim of assessing the retrofit’s potential environmental impacts via doing a life cycle assessment. Additionally, the case presented herein strives to evidence the applicability of life cycle assessment (LCA) appraisals within shipyard representatives or managers.

Results and discussion

The environmental results shown in this paper are related to cost calculations presented for the selected retrofit, underlining the potential environmental impacts from the retrofit, while appraising its economic performance.


The paper strives to evidence that significant savings with regard to fuel costs can be achieved by the application of this retrofit to ships with a similar operational profile, but more importantly, the improved operational efficiency and the emission reductions can be noteworthy. Lastly, the results summarised intend to offer an optimistic context towards the implementation of the retrofit at a larger scale, i.e. a section of the existing fleet.


Fouling release coatings GHG emission reduction LCA Maritime transportation Shipbuilding Ship repair Retrofit 



The work described in this paper has been supported with funding from the Seventh Framework Programme of the European Commission under Grant Agreement FP7-SST-2010-RTD-1, CP-266268. The authors also wish to thank Mr Pedro Oslé, from ASTANDER shipyard, for his input and support.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eduardo Blanco-Davis
    • 1
    Email author
  • Francisco del Castillo
    • 2
  • Peilin Zhou
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Naval Architecture, Ocean and Marine EngineeringUniversity of StrathclydeGlasgowUK
  2. 2.Fundación Centro Tecnológico SOERMARMadridSpain

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