Advertisement

Global land use impact assessment on biodiversity and ecosystem services in LCA

  • Thomas KoellnerEmail author
  • Roland Geyer
GLOBAL LAND USE IMPACTS ON BIODIVERSITY AND ECOSYSTEM SERVICES IN LCA

Land use and land use change have severe effects on biodiversity and the capacity of ecosystems to deliver services, such as biomass production or water filtration. Whereas research on impacts of land use on biodiversity is a well-established field, research on ecosystem services motivated by Daily (1997) is less developed, but steadily catching up. The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (2005) on ecosystem changes has begun to address this gap and has highlighted the importance of nature’s services for human well-being. Meanwhile, operational assessment methods support decision-makers in planning and optimizing landscapes with respect to biodiversity and multiple ecosystem services (Chan et al. 2006; Daily et al. 2009; Groot et al. 2010; Maes et al. 2012). However, until now, those methodologies have mainly focused on regional systems with distinct spatial boundaries. However, the ecological assessment of land use in product systems requires a global approach.

The basic motivation for...

Keywords

Ecosystem Service Life Cycle Assessment Characterization Factor Millennium Ecosystem Assessment Multiple Case Study 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

For the financial and intellectual support of research underlying this special issue, the authors want to thank the UNEP-SETAC Life Cycle Initiative. The research was also funded through the projects myEcosystem (ETH Research Grant CH1-0308-3) and Life Cycle Impact Assessment Methods for Improved Sustainability Characterisation of Technologies under the 7th Framework Program of the European Commission. We appreciated the critical feedback of numerous anonymous reviewers on the papers published in this special issue.

References

  1. Beck T, Bos U, Wittstock B, Baitz M, Fischer M, Sedlbauer K (2010) LANCA—land use indicator value calculation in life cycle assessment. Fraunhofer, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  2. Brandão M, Milà i Canals L (2013) Global characterisation factors to assess land use impacts on biotic production. Int J Life Cycle Assess. doi: 10.1007/s11367-012-0381-3
  3. Chan KMA, Shaw MR, Cameron DR, Underwood EC, Daily GC (2006) Conservation planning for ecosystem services. PLoS Biol 4:1–15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Daily GC (ed) (1997) Nature’s services: societal dependence on natural ecosystems. Island, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  5. Daily GC, Polasky S, Goldstein J, Kareiva PM, Mooney HA, Pejchar L, Ricketts TH, Salzman J, Shallenberger R (2009) Ecosystem services in decision making: time to deliver. Front Ecol Environ 7:21–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. de Baan L, Alkemade R, Koellner T (2013) Land use impacts on biodiversity in LCA: a global approach. Int J Life Cycle Assess. doi: 10.1007/s11367-012-0412-0
  7. Groot RSD, Alkemade R, Braat L, Hein L, Willemen L (2010) Challenges in integrating the concept of ecosystem services and values in landscape planning, management and decision making. Ecol Complex 7:260–272CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Koellner T, de Baan L, Beck T, Brandão M, Civit B, Goedkoop M, Margni M, Milà i Canals L, Müller-Wenk R, Weidema B, Wittstock B (2013a) Principles for life cycle inventories of land use on a global scale. Int J Life Cycle Assess. doi: 10.1007/s11367-012-0392-0
  9. Koellner T, de Baan L, Beck T, Brandão M, Civit B, Margni M, Milà i Canals L, Saad R, Souza DM, Müller-Wenk R (2013b) UNEP-SETAC guideline on global land use impact assessment on biodiversity and ecosystem services in LCA. Int J Life Cycle Assess (this issue)Google Scholar
  10. Maes J, Paracchini ML, Zulian G, Dunbar MB, Alkemade R (2012) Synergies and trade-offs between ecosystem service supply, biodiversity, and habitat conservation status in Europe. Biol Conserv 155:1–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Milà I, Canals L, Bauer C, Depestele J, Dubreuil A, Freiermuth Knuchel R, Gaillard G, Michelsen O, Müller-Wenk R, Rydgren B (2007) Key elements in a framework for land use impact assessment within LCA. Int J Life Cycle Assess 12:5–15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Milà i Canals L, Rigarlsford G, Sim S (2013) Land use impact assessment of margarine. Int J Life Cycle Assess. doi: 10.1007/s11367-012-0380-4
  13. Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (2005) Ecosystems and human well-being: synthesis. Island, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  14. Müller-Wenk R, Brandão M (2010) Climatic impact of land use in LCA—carbon transfers between vegetation/soil and air. Int J Life Cycle Assess 15:172–182CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Saad R, Koellner T, Margni M (2013) Land use impacts on freshwater regulation, erosion regulation and water purification: a spatial approach for a global scale. Int J Life Cycle Assess (this issue)Google Scholar
  16. Souza DM, Flynn D, Rosenbaum RK, de Melo Lisboa H, Koellner T (2013) Land use impacts on biodiversity: proposal of characterization factors based on functional diversity. Int J Life Cycle Assess (this issue)Google Scholar
  17. van der Velde M, Bouraoui F, Aloe A (2009) Pan-European regional-scale modelling of water and N efficiencies of rapeseed cultivation for biodiesel production. Glob Change Biol 15:24–37CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Professorship of Ecological Services, Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Geosciences, GEO IIUniversity of BayreuthBayreuthGermany
  2. 2.Bren School of Environmental Science & ManagementUniversity of California at Santa BarbaraSanta BarbaraUSA

Personalised recommendations