Comparison of two ICT solutions: desktop PC versus thin client computing

LIFE CYCLE IMPACT ASSESSMENT (LCIA)

DOI: 10.1007/s11367-012-0499-3

Cite this article as:
Maga, D., Hiebel, M. & Knermann, C. Int J Life Cycle Assess (2013) 18: 861. doi:10.1007/s11367-012-0499-3

Abstract

Purpose

Information communication technology (ICT) offers the chance of enhancing the efficiency of public services and economic processes. The use of server-based computing is supposed to reduce the energy and material consumption in ICT services. This hypothesis will be investigated and quantified looking at the whole life cycle of the products. In this paper, server-based computing in combination with thin clients (SBCTC) is compared to a typical desktop PC (DPC) workplace over a time period of 5 years.

Materials and methods

The LCA method used in this paper is focused on the impact category of global warming potential. The calculations were performed using the Microsoft® Excel-based methodology for ecodesign of energy-related products tool. This tool includes the requirements of energy-related products (Directive 2009/125/EC). Moreover, an input-orientated method—material input per service unit (MIPS)—is applied which allows for an additional comparison between the two ICT solutions.

Results and discussion

Electricity consumption could be identified as a crucial environmental impact factor of DPC and SBCTC with both methods. Depending on the user behavior, more than 200 kg CO2e can be saved by switching from DPC to SBCTC. Over 80 kg CO2e can be saved in the material and extraction life cycle stage. The largest savings are achieved in the material category electronics (about 70 kg CO2e). A correlation analysis between the results of global warming potential (GWP) and the MIPS category “air” shows that both indicators GWP and air lead to the same conclusions when evaluating life cycle stages and ICT material categories.

Conclusions

Taking into account all assumptions made in this paper, SBCTC saves more than 65 % of greenhouse gas emissions compared to DPC during the entire life cycle. To ensure further profound comparisons of the ICT solutions, current data on the energy demand and detailed information on the composition of the IT products should be made available by industry.

Keywords

Environmental assessment ICT MEErP MIPS Thin client 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel Maga
    • 1
  • Markus Hiebel
    • 1
  • Christian Knermann
    • 2
  1. 1.Business Unit Resources ManagementFraunhofer Institute for Environmental, Safety and Energy Technology UMSICHTOberhausenGermany
  2. 2.Department IT-ManagmentFraunhofer Institute for Environmental, Safety and Energy Technology UMSICHTOberhausenGermany

Personalised recommendations