Water use in LCA: managing the planet’s freshwater resources

EDITORIAL

References

  1. Allan JA (1998) Virtual water—a strategic resource. Global solutions to regional deficits. Ground Water 36(4):545–546CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bauer C, Zapp P (2004) Towards generic characterization factors for land use and water consumption. In: Dubreuil A (ed) Life-cycle assessment of metals—issues and research directions. SETAC, Pensacola, FL, pp 96–101Google Scholar
  3. Bösch M, Hellweg S, Huijbregts M, Frischknecht R (2007) Applying cumulative exergy demand (CExD) indicators to the ecoinvent database. Int J Life Cycle Assess 12(3):181–190CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Brent A (2004) A life cycle impact assessment procedure with resource groups as areas of protection. Int J Life Cycle Assess 9(3):172–179CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Dewulf J, Bösch MB, De Meester B, Van der Vorst G, Van Langenhove H, Hellweg S, Huijbregts MAJ (2007) Cumulative exergy extraction from the natural environment (CEENE): a comprehensive life cycle impact assessment method for resource accounting. Environ Sci Technol 41(24):8477–8483CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Finnveden G (1996) Resources and related impact categories, Part III. In: Udo de Haes HA (ed) Towards a methodology for life cycle impact assessment. SETAC, BrusselsGoogle Scholar
  7. Frischknecht R, Steiner R, Jungblut N (2008) Ökobilanzen: Methode der ökologischen Knappheit—Ökofaktoren 2006 (Swiss Ecological Scarcity Method), Öbu—Netzwerk für Nachhaltiges Wirtschaften, Öbu SR 28/2008, ZürichGoogle Scholar
  8. Guinée JB (2002) Handbook on life cycle assessment—an operational guide to the ISO standards. Kluwer Academic, DordrechtGoogle Scholar
  9. Hoekstra AY, Chapagain AK (2007) Water footprints of nations: water use by people as a function of their consumption pattern. Water Resour Manag 21:35–48CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hunkeler D (2006) Societal LCA methodology and case study. Int J Life Cycle Assess 11(6):371–382CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hunkeler D, Lichtenvort K, Rebitzer G (eds) (2008) Environmental life cycle costing. CRC, Boca Raton, FLGoogle Scholar
  12. ISO 14040 (2006) Environmental management—life cycle assessment—principles and framework. International Organization for Standardization, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  13. Klöpffer W (2008) Life cycle sustainability assessment of products. Int J Life Cycle Assess 13(2):89–95CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Koehler A (2006) Environmental assessment of industrial wastewater treatment process and waterborne organic contaminant emissions. Ph.D. thesis, ETH Zurich, Switzerland, ISBN 3-906734-44-7Google Scholar
  15. Koehler A, Aoustin E (2007) Assessment of use and depletion of water resources with LCA. Project description. UNEP/SETAC Life Cycle Initiative. Accessible at: http://fr1.estis.net/builder/includes/page.asp?site=lcinit&page_id=2AAEA21D-4907-4E16-BF28-A63C072B6BF7
  16. Lindeijer E, Müller-Wenk R, Steen B (2002) Impact assessment of resources and land use. In: Udo de Haes HA et al (ed) Life cycle impact assessment—striving towards best practice. SETAC, Pensacola, FL, pp 105–126Google Scholar
  17. Owens JW (2002) Water resources in life cycle assessment—considerations in choosing category indicators. J Ind Ecol 5(2):37–54CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Pant R, Koehler A, de Beaufort A, Braune A, Frankl P, Hauschild M, Klöpffer W, Kreissig J, Lindfors LG, Masoni P, Pennington D, Riise E (2008) Standardisation efforts to measure greenhouse gases and ‘carbon footprinting’ for products. Int J Life Cycle Assess 13(2):87–88CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Rebitzer R, Stoffregen A, Gerber J (2007) Modeling water consumption and water use: a first comprehensive approach to address water resources in LCA. Presentation at SETAC Europe Annual Meeting, Porto, May 2007Google Scholar
  20. Steward M, Weidema B (2005) A consistent framework for assessing the impacts from resource use—a focus on resource functionality. Int J Life Cycle Assess 10(4):240–247CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Udo de Haes HA, Finnveden G, Goedkoop M, Hauschild M, Hertwich EG, Hofstetter P, Jolliet O, Klöpffer W, Krewitt W, Lindeijer EW, Müller-Wenk R, Olsen SI, Pennington DW, Potting J, Steen B (eds) (2002) Life-cycle impact assessment: striving towards best practise. SETAC Press, Pensacola, FLGoogle Scholar
  22. UN (2006) The United Nations World Water Development Report 2: Water—a shared responsibility, p 46. Accessible at: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0014/001454/145405E.pdf
  23. Wall Street Journal (2008) Global warming as security issue: intelligence report sees threat. Siobhan Gorman, 26.05.2008Google Scholar
  24. WBCSD (2007) The global water tool. World business council on sustainable development. Geneva, Switzerland. Accessible at: http://www.wbcsd.org

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Environmental Engineering, Ecological Systems DesignETH ZurichZurichSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations