Family enrichment and women entrepreneurial success: the mediating effect of family interference

  • Dianne H. B. WelshEmail author
  • Eugene Kaciak


Managing work and family is a topic of continual interest. Drawing on work-family interface (WFI) literatures, we test a model linking family-to-business enrichment and family-to-business interference, directly and indirectly, to the entrepreneurial success of women-owned businesses. We consider two types of enrichment: family instrumental (financial) support and family affective (moral) support. The interference aspect of WFI is depicted by women entrepreneurs’ gender-related personal problems. Due to the non-linear nature of our model (logit), we apply for the first time in the entrepreneurship literature, the Karlson-Holm-Breen (KHB) method, which has recently been developed for testing mediation in such models. In a sample of female entrepreneurs in a stable economic environment, Austria, we found that the interference dimension mediates the relationship between the enrichment components and entrepreneurial success. Specifically, personal problems have a negative effect when family financial support is present and a positive effect when family moral support is experienced. Implications and future research are discussed.


Women entrepreneurs Family businesses Family interference KHB method Mediation analysis Austria 



This research was conducted as a part of a research grant no. 2017/27/B/HS4/02075 for Eugene Kaciak from the National Science Centre, Poland.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.441 Bryan School of Business & EconomicsThe University of North Carolina at GreensboroGreensboroUSA
  2. 2.Goodman School of BusinessBrock UniversitySt. CatharinesCanada
  3. 3.Department of Quantitative Methods and Information TechnologyKozminski UniversityWarsawPoland

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