Entrepreneurial intention: the role of gender

  • Maria Cristina Díaz-GarcíaEmail author
  • Juan Jiménez-Moreno


There is general agreement in previous research, drawing on the Theory of Planned Behaviour, that attitudes towards entrepreneurship are determining factors on entrepreneurial intention and gender also seems to play a key role. This study supports the core entrepreneurial intention model and focuses on the role of gender in this process, showing that men are more likely to think about creating a firm than being determined to do it. However, of those men, the ones who perceive higher congruence between masculine and entrepreneurial attributes are more likely to have a firm entrepreneurial intention. Also, both men and women with a firm entrepreneurial intention perceive successful entrepreneurs to have feminine attributes. This, together with the characteristics of the sample, may explain the lack of a gender difference in entrepreneurial intention.


Gender Social norms Self-efficacy Attitude Entrepreneurial intention 



The authors wish to thank Professor Sara Carter of the University of Strathclyde for her very helpful comments that contributed to the development of this paper.


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© Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria Cristina Díaz-García
    • 1
    Email author
  • Juan Jiménez-Moreno
    • 1
  1. 1.Business Administration, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y EmpresarialesUniversity of Castilla–La ManchaAlbaceteSpain

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