Skill and value perceptions: how do they affect entrepreneurial intentions?

  • Francisco Liñán


This paper starts from Ajzen’s theory of planned behavior to test the role of different perceptions on the individual’s intention to become an entrepreneur. Support has most often been found for this theory in the field of entrepreneurship. However, little is yet known about the way in which perceptions are formed. It may be argued that social values regarding entrepreneurship, and also personal skill perceptions, would both affect entrepreneurial intentions. Our objective, therefore, is testing the existence and reach of both effects. Empirical analysis has been carried out on a sample of 249 university students. Structural equations models have been used to test our hypotheses. Results generally confirm them, since values and skills do play a significant role in explaining intention. However, the role of perceived skills seems to be more relevant. Implications may be derived in several areas, and especially regarding entrepreneurship education.


Entrepreneurship Entrepreneurial intention Cognitive models Self-perceptions Structural models 



A previous version of this paper was presented at the 2007 IntEnt Conference in Gdansk (Poland). We are most grateful to several participants for their comments and suggestions, which have decisively contributed to improve the final version of this manuscript. Of course, any mistakes or errors that remain are completely the authors’ responsibility.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department Economia Aplicada IUniversity of SevilleSevilleSpain

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