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The association of anxio-depressive disorders and depression with motoric cognitive risk syndrome: results from the baseline assessment of the Canadian longitudinal study on aging

Abstract

Motoric cognitive risk syndrome (MCR), anxio-depressive disorders (ADD), and depression are associated with cognitive complaint and slow gait speed. The study aims to examine (1) the association of ADD and depression with MCR, and (2) the influence of the type and the severity of ADD and age on this association in older adults. A total of 29,569 participants free from cognitive impairment with walking speed measure recruited at baseline in the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging (CLSA) Comprehensive were selected in this cross-sectional study. They were separated into different sub-groups based on their age groups (i.e., 45–54, 55–64, 65–74, and ≥ 75) and the presence of MCR. Anxiety, mood, and depressive disorders (ADD) were assessed. Depression was defined by the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) score ≥ 10. The overall prevalence of MCR was 7.0 % and was greater in the youngest age group (8.9 %) as compared to the other age groups (P < 0.05). There was a higher prevalence of ADD and depression in individuals with MCR compared to those without MCR for all age groups (P ≤ 0.001). Depression was significantly associated with MCR regardless of age group (odds ratio ≥ 3.65 with P ≤ 0.001). The association of ADD with MCR depended on the accumulation of disorders and not their type, and was weaker and more inconstant in the oldest age group as compared to younger age groups. MCR is associated with ADD and depression in both younger and older individuals. This association is stronger for depression in younger individuals.

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Acknowledgments

This research was made possible using the data collected by the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging (CLSA). Funding for the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging (CLSA) is provided by the Government of Canada through the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) under grant reference: LSA 9447 and the Canada Foundation for Innovation. This research has been conducted using the CLSA dataset [Baseline Comprehensive dataset version 3.0], under Application No. 180902. The CLSA is led by Drs. Parminder Raina, Christina Wolfson and Susan Kirkland.

Author information

Study design HS and OB. Study conduct: HS and OB. Data collection: CLSA team. Data interpretation: HS and OB. Drafting manuscript: HS and OB. Revising manuscript content: GA. Approving final version of manuscript HS, OB, and GA. HS takes responsibility for the integrity of the data analysis.

Correspondence to Olivier Beauchet.

Ethics declarations

The study was conducted in accordance with the ethical standards set forth in the Helsinki Declaration (1983). Participants in the study were included after obtaining their written and informed consent for the study. The Jewish General Hospital Ethics Committee approved the study protocol.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Sekhon, H., Allali, G. & Beauchet, O. The association of anxio-depressive disorders and depression with motoric cognitive risk syndrome: results from the baseline assessment of the Canadian longitudinal study on aging. GeroScience 41, 409–418 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11357-019-00093-z

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Keywords

  • Epidemiology
  • Walking speed
  • Cognitive complaint
  • Depression
  • Older adults
  • CLSA