, 38:20 | Cite as

Continuous and interval training programs using deep water running improves functional fitness and blood pressure in the older adults

  • Thaís ReichertEmail author
  • Ana Carolina Kanitz
  • Rodrigo Sudatti Delevatti
  • Natália Carvalho Bagatini
  • Bruna Machado Barroso
  • Luiz Fernando Martins Kruel


This study aimed to investigate the effects of two periodized training programs of deep water running on functional fitness and blood pressure in the older adults. Thirty-six individuals were divided into continuous group (CONT) and interval group (INT). Both groups were trained for 28 weeks (twice weekly). Measures were performed before the training period, after 12 weeks and training period. Two-way ANOVA and post hoc of Bonferroni were used (α = 0.05). There were no differences between groups in functional tests, with the exception of the flexibility of the upper limbs, in which the INT group showed the highest values. There was a significant improvement in both groups of foot up-and-go test (CONT 6.45 to 5.67; INT 6.59 to 5.78, in seconds), flexibility of lower limbs (CONT −4.76 to −0.61; INT 0.54 to 4.63, in centimeters), strength of upper (CONT 18.76 to 27.69; INT 18.66 to 26.58, in repetitions) and lower limbs (CONT 14.46 to 21.23; INT 14.40 to 21.58, in repetitions), and 6-min walk (CONT 567.50 to 591.16; INT 521.41 to 582.77, in meters). No differences were shown between groups for systolic blood pressure; however, diastolic blood pressure remained higher in CONT during all training. The blood pressure decreased significantly in both groups after the training (CONT 142 ± 16/88 ± 3 to 125 ± 14/77 ± 7 mmHg; INT 133 ± 15/75 ± 7 to 123 ± 17 and 69 ± 11 mmHg). Both programs of deep water running training promoted improvements of similar magnitude in all parameters of functional fitness, with the exception of flexibility of upper limbs, and decreased blood pressure in the older individuals.


Aquatic exercise Continuous training Interval training Aging 



The authors thanks specially to FAPERGS, CAPES, and CNPq Brazilian Government Association for their support to this project. We gratefully acknowledge all the participants who participated in this research and made this project possible.


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Copyright information

© American Aging Association 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thaís Reichert
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ana Carolina Kanitz
    • 2
  • Rodrigo Sudatti Delevatti
    • 1
    • 3
  • Natália Carvalho Bagatini
    • 1
  • Bruna Machado Barroso
    • 1
  • Luiz Fernando Martins Kruel
    • 1
  1. 1.Federal University of Rio Grande do SulPorto AlegreBrazil
  2. 2.Federal University of UberlandiaUberlandiaBrazil
  3. 3.Sogipa Physical Education and Sports CollegePorto AlegreBrazil

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