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AGE

, 36:9737 | Cite as

Old-onset caloric restriction effects on neuropeptide Y- and somatostatin-containing neurons and on cholinergic varicosities in the rat hippocampal formation

  • Armando CardosoEmail author
  • Diogo Silva
  • Sara Magano
  • Pedro A. Pereira
  • José P. Andrade
Article

Abstract

Caloric restriction is able to delay age-related neurodegenerative diseases and cognitive impairment. In this study, we analyzed the effects of old-onset caloric restriction that started at 18 months of age, in the number of neuropeptide Y (NPY)- and somatostatin (SS)-containing neurons of the hippocampal formation. Knowing that these neuropeptidergic systems seem to be dependent of the cholinergic system, we also analyzed the number of cholinergic varicosities. Animals with 6 months of age (adult controls) and with 18 months of age were used. The animals aged 18 months were randomly assigned to controls or to caloric-restricted groups. Adult and old control rats were maintained in the ad libitum regimen during 6 months. Caloric-restricted rats were fed, during 6 months, with 60 % of the amount of food consumed by controls. We found that aging induced a reduction of the total number of NPY- and SS-positive neurons in the hippocampal formation accompanied by a decrease of the cholinergic varicosities. Conversely, the 24-month-old-onset caloric-restricted animals maintained the number of those peptidergic neurons and the density of the cholinergic varicosities similar to the 12-month control rats. These results suggest that the aging-associated reduction of these neuropeptide-expressing neurons is not due to neuronal loss and may be dependent of the cholinergic system. More importantly, caloric restriction has beneficial effects in the NPY- and SS-expressing neurons and in the cholinergic system, even when applied in old age.

Keywords

Caloric restriction Hippocampus Neuropeptide Y Somatostatin Acetylcholine 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work is supported by the National Funds through FCT, Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, within the scope of the Strategic Project Centro de Morfologia Experimental (CME/FM/UP), 2011–2012, and Project PEst-OE/SAU/UI0121/2011.

Conflict of interest

All authors state that there are no actual or potential conflicts of interest.

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Copyright information

© American Aging Association 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Armando Cardoso
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Diogo Silva
    • 1
    • 2
  • Sara Magano
    • 1
    • 2
  • Pedro A. Pereira
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • José P. Andrade
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Anatomy, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of PortoPortoPortugal
  2. 2.Center of Experimental Morphology (CME), Faculty of MedicineUniversity of PortoPortoPortugal
  3. 3.Center for Health Technology and Services Research (CINTESIS), Faculty of MedicineUniversity of PortoPortoPortugal

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