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In case of obesity, longevity-related mechanisms lead to anti-inflammation

Abstract

The exact mechanisms which contribute to longevity have not been figured out yet. Our aim was to find out a common way for prompting longevity by bringing together the well-known applications such as food restriction, exercise, and probiotic supplementing in an experimental obesity model. Experimental obesity was promoted in a total of 32 young (2 months old) and 32 aged (16 months old) male Wistar albino rats through 8-week cafeteria diet (salami, chocolate, chips, and biscuits). Old and young animals were divided into groups each consisting of eight animals and also divided into four subgroups as obese control, obese food restriction, obese probiotic-fed and obese exercise groups. Probiotic group diet contained 0.05 %w/total diet inactive and lyophilized Lactobacillus casei str. Shirota. The exercise group was subjected to treadmill running 1 h/day, at 21 m/min and at an uphill incline of 15 % for 5 days a week. Food restriction group was formed by giving 40 % less food than the others. The control group was fed regular pellet feed ad libitum. This program was continued for 16 weeks. Blood samples from all the groups were analyzed for fasting glucose, insulin, IGF-1, insulin-like growth factor binding protein 3 (IGFBP-3), interleukin (IL)-6, IL-12, malondialdehyde (MDA), fT3, TT3, fT4, TT4, and liver tissue MDA levels were measured. All applications showed anti-inflammatory effects through the observed changes in the levels of IGFBP-3, IL-6, and IL-12 in the young and old obese rats. While the interventions normally contribute to longevity by recruiting different action mechanisms, anti-inflammatory effect is the only mode of action for all the applications in the obesity model.

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Acknowledgments

This study was supported by both the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK)—Agriculture, Forestry and Veterinary Research Support Group research grants (TOVAG-106O344) and Yuzuncu Yil University Grant Commission of research numbered with YYU-BAP-2006-SBE-105.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Correspondence to Fahri Bayıroglu.

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Kaya, M.S., Bayıroglu, F., Mis, L. et al. In case of obesity, longevity-related mechanisms lead to anti-inflammation. AGE 36, 677–687 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11357-013-9598-8

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Keywords

  • Obesity
  • Food restriction
  • Exercise
  • Probiotic bacteria
  • Longevity
  • Young and aged rats