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Organic waste streams as feedstock for the production of high volume-low value products

Abstract

Valorisation of organic wastes to produce industrially relevant commodity products is a sustainable, cost-effective and viable alternative providing a green platform for chemical production while simultaneously leading to waste disposal management. In the present study, organic wastes such as agricultural residue-derived sugars, oilseed meals, poultry waste and molasses were used for substituting expensive organic fermentation medium components. Moorella thermoacetica and Aurantiochytrium limacinum were adapted on these waste-derived hydrolysates to produce high volume-low value products such as bio-acetic acid (80% theoretical yields) and oil-rich fish/animal feed (more than 85% dry cell weight as compared with conventional nutrient sources) respectively. Use of these waste-derived nutrients led to ~ 75% and ~ 90% reduction in media cost for acetic acid and oil-rich biomass production respectively as compared with that of traditionally used high-priced medium components. The strategy will assist in the cost reduction for high volume-low value products while also ensuring waste recovery.

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Abbreviations

C:

Carbon

DHA:

Docosahexaenoic acid

DO:

Dissolved oxygen

DSFH:

Defatted soy flakes hydrolysate

EPA:

Eicosapentaenoic acid

HVLV:

High volume-low value

LBM:

Lignocellulosic biomass

MH:

Molasses hydrolysate

N:

Nitrogen

PWH:

Poultry waste hydrolysate

RMH:

Rapeseed meal hydrolysate

SCO:

Single-cell oil

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Acknowledgements

The Department of Biotechnology Ministry of Science & Technology, Government of India, supported this study under the grant No. BT/EB/ICT- Extension/2012.

Funding

The Department of Biotechnology, Ministry of Science & Technology, Government of India, supported this study under the grant number BT/PR13796/PBD/26/139/2010.

Author information

GP, AML PRP and PR planned the experiments. PRP conducted the experiments on Aurantiochytrium limacinum. PR executed the experiments of Moorella thermoacetica. Data were analysed by PRP, PR, GP and AML. The manuscript is written by PR, PRP and GP. Funding for the work was facilitated by AML.

Correspondence to Gunjan Prakash.

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The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Cite this article

Pawar, P.R., Rao, P., Prakash, G. et al. Organic waste streams as feedstock for the production of high volume-low value products. Environ Sci Pollut Res (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-07985-0

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Keywords

  • Fermentation
  • Waste to value
  • Moorella
  • Aurantiochytrium
  • Bio-acetic acid
  • Oil-rich biomass