Selective metal removal from chromium-containing synthetic effluents using Shewanella xiamenensis biofilm supported on zeolite

  • Inga ZinicovscaiaEmail author
  • Alexey Safonov
  • Kirill Boldyrev
  • Svetlana Gundorina
  • Nikita Yushin
  • Oleg Petuhov
  • Nadejda Popova
Research Article


A scheme of selective removal of metal ions from chromium-containing synthetic solutions with the following chemical composition, Cr (VI)-Fe (III), Cr (VI)-Fe (III)-Ni (II), Cr (VI)-Fe (III)-Ni (II)-Zn (II), and Cr (VI)-Fe (III)-Ni (II)-Zn (II)-Cu (II)) by Shewanella xiamenensis biofilm immobilized on a zeolite support, was proposed. Three biological processes, biosorption, bioaccumulation, and longtime bioreduction, were applied for metal removal. The process of Zn (II), Ni (II), and Cu (II) showed to be pH dependent. The maximum removal of Ni (II) was achieved during a 1-hour biosorption process at pH 5.0–6.0, of Zn (II) at pH 5.0, and of Cu (II) at pH 3.0. Chromium (VI) and Fe (III) ions were more efficiently removed by bioaccumulation. Chromium (VI) removal in the studied systems varied from 16.4% to 34.8 and of iron from 55.8 to 94.6%. In a long-term bioreduction experiment, it was possible to achieve complete reduction of Cr (VI) to Cr (III) ions by Shewanella xiamenensis in 42 days and by Shewanella xiamenensis biofilm on zeolite in 35 days. Shewanella oneidensis can be effectively used to remove metal ions from chemically complex effluents.


Shewanella xiamenensis Biosorption Bioaccumulation Bioreduction Neutron activation analysis Selective removal 


Funding information

This work was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR) [grant numbers 18-29-25023-мк].


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Joint Institute for Nuclear ResearchMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Horia Holubei National Institute for R&D in Physics and Nuclear Engineering (IFIN-HH)MagureleRomania
  3. 3.The Institute of ChemistryKishinevMoldova
  4. 4.Frumkin Institute of Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry, Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  5. 5.Nuclear Safety Institute of the Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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