Phosphorus removal from wastewater by waste concrete: influence of P concentration and temperature on the product

  • Xiao LiuEmail author
  • Huiyuan Zhong
  • Yong Yang
  • Linan Yuan
  • Shibo Liu
Research Article


This study investigated the feature of phosphorus uptake by low-cost waste concrete. Adsorption isotherms, metal dissolution, influence of P concentration and temperature, as well as adsorbent regeneration were investigated. Chemical extraction, SEM, XRD, FTIR, and XPS were employed to determine the products of P sequestration. Results demonstrated that phosphate adsorption fitted the Langmuir isotherm model well, with estimated maximum phosphate adsorption capacity of 80.5 mg/g (10 °C). Of adsorbed phosphate, 72.1% could be desorbed when 0.1 M citrate buffer was used as eluant, and waste concrete could be recovered and reused for 4 times by the combination of eluting and roasting. Mechanisms including Ca/alkali dissolution, surface adsorption, and chemical precipitation are involved in the sequestration of phosphorus from wastewater by waste concrete. Weakly adsorptive phosphorus and Ca-P precipitate were the main products. P concentration was the major factor that affected P removal capacity and the product types, while temperature had certain effect at low P concentration. The dominant product was weakly adsorptive phosphorus for low P concentration at low temperature, which was substituted by Ca-P precipitate as temperature or P concentration increased. The increase of P concentration assisted both the increase of P removal potential and the formation of Ca-P precipitate to crystal DCPD.


P removal product Concentration Temperature Waste concrete 


Funding information

This study is supported by the Science and Technology Planning Project of Hebei Province (No. 17273802D) and Higher Educational Science and Technology Program of Hebei Province (No. QN2015075).

Supplementary material

11356_2019_7577_MOESM1_ESM.docx (48 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 47.6 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiao Liu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Huiyuan Zhong
    • 1
  • Yong Yang
    • 1
  • Linan Yuan
    • 1
  • Shibo Liu
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Civil and Architectural EngineeringNorth China University of Science and TechnologyTangshanChina

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