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Fungal community succession under influence of biochar in cow manure composting

  • Xin Jiang
  • Liting Deng
  • Qingxin Meng
  • Yu Sun
  • Yue Han
  • Xiaotong Wu
  • Siyuan Sheng
  • Haifeng Zhu
  • Bello Ayodeji
  • Ugochi Uzoamaka Egbeagu
  • Xiuhong XuEmail author
Research Article

Abstract

This study examined the influence of biochar addition on fungal community during composting of cow manure using high-throughput sequencing. Two treatments were set up, including compost of cow manure plus 10% biochar (BC) and cow manure compost without biochar (CK). Fungal community composition varied obviously during composting in both treatments, and main fungi included Aspergillus, Myriococcum, Thermomyces, Mycothermus, Scedosporium, Cladosporium, and unclassified Microascaceae. Fungal community composition was altered by biochar during composting, especially during the thermophilic and the cooling phase, promoting Aspergillus and Myriococcum while inhibiting unclassified Microascaceae and Thermomyces. Based on linear discriminant analysis effect size analysis, common indicator groups were detected in both composts; however, specific indicator groups were also found in BC treatment, including Clavicipitaceae, Tremellales, Gibberella, and Coprinopsis. Canonical correspondence analysis (CCA) indicated that moisture content, organic matter, C/N, and pH had significant correlation (p < 0.05) with fungal composition in both treatments. However, in compost added with biochar, temperature was not an important factor affecting fungal community (p > 0.05).

Keywords

Compost Biochar Cow manure Fungal community Succession High-throughput sequencing 

Notes

Funding information

This study was financially supported by National Natural Science Fund of China (31672469).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Supplementary material

11356_2019_7529_MOESM1_ESM.docx (311 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 311 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xin Jiang
    • 1
  • Liting Deng
    • 1
  • Qingxin Meng
    • 1
  • Yu Sun
    • 1
  • Yue Han
    • 1
  • Xiaotong Wu
    • 1
  • Siyuan Sheng
    • 1
  • Haifeng Zhu
    • 1
  • Bello Ayodeji
    • 1
  • Ugochi Uzoamaka Egbeagu
    • 1
  • Xiuhong Xu
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.College of Resources and EnvironmentNortheast Agricultural UniversityHarbinChina

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