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Environmentally friendly synthesis of Fe2O3@SiO2 nanocomposite: characterization and application as an adsorbent to aniline removal from aqueous solution

  • Abbas Rahdar
  • Somayeh RahdarEmail author
  • Georgia LabutoEmail author
Research Article
  • 18 Downloads

Abstract

Silica-based nanocomposite syntheses employ many harmful substances, which, in turn, demand the development of new synthetic environmental-friendly routes that meet the principles of green chemistry. In this work, we present a novel magnetic adsorbent, Fe2O3@SiO2 nanocomposite (Fe@SiNp), successfully obtained without surfactant, employing an electrochemical method. We characterized the nanocomposite and then applied it to remove aniline from the water medium. Characterization was carried out by vibrating-sample magnetometry (VSM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). The parameters to the adsorptive removal of aniline were successfully optimized, which made possible to remove 71.04 ± 0.06% (126.6 ± 2.0 mg/g) from a 100 mg/L aniline solution at pH 6 and 323 K, by employing around 50 mg of Fe@SiNp, at a contact time of 40 min. The adsorption of aniline by Fe@SiNp is a spontaneous and exothermic process according to the pseudo-second-order kinetic model (r2 = 1 at 20 mg/L aniline concentration) and the Freundlich isotherm model (r2 = 0.9986).

Keywords

Magnetic nanoparticle synthesis Green chemistry Electrochemical synthesis Adsorption 

Notes

Supplementary material

11356_2019_7491_MOESM1_ESM.docx (15 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 15 kb)

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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsUniversity of ZabolZabolIran
  2. 2.Department of Environmental HealthZabol University of Medical SciencesZabolIran
  3. 3.Department of ChemistryUniversidade Federal de São PauloSão PauloBrazil

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