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A review of the catalysts used in the reduction of NO by CO for gas purification

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Abstract

The reduction of NO by the CO produced by incomplete combustion in the flue gas can remove CO and NO simultaneously and economically. However, there are some problems and challenges in the industrial application which limit the application of this process. In this work, noble metal catalysts and transition metal catalysts used in the reduction of NO by CO in recent years are systematically reviewed, emphasizing the research progress on Ir-based catalysts and Cu-based catalysts with prospective applications. The effects of catalyst support, additives, pretreatment methods, and physicochemical properties of catalysts on catalytic activity are summarized. In addition, the effects of atmosphere conditions on the catalytic activity are discussed. Several kinds of reaction mechanisms are proposed for noble metal catalysts and transition metal catalysts. Ir-based catalysts have an excellent activity for NO reduction by CO in the presence of O2. Cu-based bimetallic catalysts show better catalytic performance in the absence of O2, in that the adsorption and dissociation of NO can occur on both oxygen vacancies and metal sites. Finally, the potential problems existing in the application of the reduction of NO by CO in industrial flue gas are analyzed and some promising solutions are put forward through this review.

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Correspondence to Yuran Li or Tingyu Zhu.

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Xu, Z., Li, Y., Lin, Y. et al. A review of the catalysts used in the reduction of NO by CO for gas purification. Environ Sci Pollut Res (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-019-07469-w

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Keywords

  • Noble metal catalysts
  • Transition metal catalysts
  • NO reduction
  • SCR
  • Carbon monoxide