Effect of waste compaction density on stabilization of aerobic bioreactor landfills

  • Zhongping Qiu
  • Mingxing Li
  • Luziping Zhang
  • Rui ZhaoEmail author
  • Min Li
Short Research and Discussion Article


Landfill stabilization contributes to the safe operation and maintenance of landfills. This study used a simulated aerobic bioreactor landfill to investigate the impact of different compaction densities on its stabilization to provide a basis for optimal parameter selection during landfill design. Samples of municipal solid waste were tested with compaction densities of 450, 500, 550, 600, and 650 kg/m3 during the experiment. The optimum compaction density was obtained by periodically monitoring the temperature of the waste pile, the water quality of leachate, and the composition of the waste. The impacts of waste compaction density on waste pile temperature and leachate were investigated and coupled with the analysis of waste composition to discuss the possible reaction mechanism. Results showed that the most complete waste degradation occurred at 550 kg/m3 compaction density, which was effective at accelerating stabilization of the simulated aerobic bioreactor landfill. Limitations of the experiment are given to lay foundations for further study.


Compaction density Aerobic bioreactor landfill Landfill aeration 


Funding information

This study is sponsored by National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.51978576), National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.41571520), Sichuan Provincial Key Technology Support (No. 2019YFN0027), Sichuan Young Talent Scientific Funding (No. 2019JDJQ0020), Sichuan Province Circular Economy Research Center Fund (No. XHJJ-1802), and Chengdu Key Technology Support (No. 2016-HM01-00502-SF).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhongping Qiu
    • 1
  • Mingxing Li
    • 1
  • Luziping Zhang
    • 2
  • Rui Zhao
    • 2
    Email author
  • Min Li
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Life Science and EngineeringSouthwest Jiaotong UniversityChengduChina
  2. 2.Faculty of Geosciences and Environmental EngineeringSouthwest Jiaotong UniversityChengduChina

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