Ensemble streamflow projections for a small watershed with HSPF model

  • Mine Albek
  • Erdem Ahmet Albek
  • Serdar Göncü
  • Burcu Şimşek UygunEmail author
Research Article


A watershed modeling tool, Hydrological Simulation Program-FORTRAN (HSPF), was utilized to model the hydrological processes in the agricultural Sarısu watershed in western Turkey. The meteorological input data were statistically downscaled time series from General Circulation Model simulations. The input data were constructed as an ensemble of 400 individual time series of temperature, precipitation, dewpoint temperature, solar radiation, potential evapotranspiration, cloudiness, and wind velocity, as required by HSPF. The ensemble was divided into four subsets, each comprising of 100 time series, of different Special Report on Emissions Scenarios. Yearly and monthly total streamflow time series were obtained from the calibrated and validated HSPF model spanning a period of 116 years between the water years of 1984 and 2099. The projections in the watershed showed a median increase of 3 °C in yearly average temperatures between the beginning and end 30-year periods of the 116-year simulation periods based on 400 ensemble members while the corresponding change in total yearly precipitation was − 71 mm. These changes led to a decrease in yearly streamflows by 40% which reflected itself to varying degrees in monthly flows. Correlations were established between the principal drivers of the watershed hydrological cycle, namely temperature and precipitation, and streamflow. The results showed that the changes in the climatic conditions will greatly affect water-related issues in the watershed and emphasize the necessity of preparing carefully to adapt to a warmer and drier climate.


Climate change Statistical downscaling Watershed HSPF Streamflow Hydrological modeling Correlation Nonparametric analysis 


Funding information

This study has been funded by TÜBİTAK (The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey) under project no. 108Y091


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Engineering, Environmental Engineering DepartmentEskişehir Technical UniversityEskişehirTurkey

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