Enhanced adsorption of Cd (II) from aqueous solution by a shrimp bran modified Typha orientalis biochar

  • Wenjun Yin
  • Congcong Zhao
  • Jingtao XuEmail author
Research Article


The biochar which was characterized with well-developed facial structure and O-/N-containing functional groups could effectively remove Cd (II) from water. In this paper, Typha orientalis–based biochar (BCS) with well-developed N containing functional groups was modified with shrimp bran which was rich in crude protein for the first time. There are more well-developed O-/N-containing functional groups in the structure of BCS than that of pure Typha orientalis–based biochar without any modification (BC), and this conclusion was depended on their comparisons of Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), elemental analysis (EA), Boehm titration, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), and other characterization techniques. Moreover, according to the experiment, the phenomenon that the adsorption capacity of Cd(II) on these two adsorbents (BCs) decreased with the increase of solution ionic strength could be carried out. The Cd(II) adsorption studies combined with X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis revealed that the adsorption mechanism was mainly attributed to physical microporous filtration and chemical interaction between Cd(II) and the surface functional groups (surface complexation, ion exchange, and electrostatic attraction).


Biochar Cd(II) O-/N-containing functional groups Shrimp bran Typha orientalis 


Funding information

This work was supported by Shandong Key Laboratory of Water Pollution Control and Resource Reuse (2019KF11), National Natural Science Foundation of China (21307078).

Supplementary material

11356_2019_6658_MOESM1_ESM.docx (10.3 mb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 10499 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Municipal and Environmental EngineeringShandong Jianzhu UniversityJinanChina
  2. 2.College of Geography and Environment, Collaborative Innovation Center of Human-Nature and Green Development in Universities of ShandongShandong Normal UniversityJinanPeople’s Republic of China

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