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Hepatoprotective effects of curcumin and taurine against bisphenol A-induced liver injury in rats

  • Meltem UzunhisarcikliEmail author
  • Ayse Aslanturk
Research Article
  • 57 Downloads

Abstract

Bisphenol A (BPA) is an estrogenic endocrine disrupting chemical to which humans are frequently exposed during routine daily life. Curcumin and taurine are natural products that have also been used as antioxidants against different environmental toxin–induced hepatotoxicity. Furthermore, they have protective and therapeutic effects against various diseases. The present investigation has been conducted to evaluate the therapeutic potential of curcumin (100 mg kg−1) and taurine (100 mg kg−1) for their hepatoprotective efficacy against BPA (130 mg kg−1)-induced liver injury in rat. BPA significantly elevated the levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), while it reduced the activities of catalase (CAT), total glutathione S-transferase (GST), total glutathione peroxidase (GPx), and total superoxide dismutase (SOD). Besides, these biochemical changes were accompanied by histopathological alterations marked by the destruction of normal liver structure. The histological examinations showed that exposure of BPA caused dilatation of sinusoids, inflammatory cell infiltration, congestion, and necrosis in liver parenchyma. The BPA-induced histopathological alterations in liver were minimized by curcumin and taurine treatment. Furthermore, no necrosis was observed in the liver tissues of curcumin plus BPA and taurine plus BPA-treated rats. Oral administration of curcumin and taurine to BPA-exposed rats significantly reversed the content of lipid peroxidation products, as well as enhanced the activities of GPx and GST, CAT, and SOD enzymes. These findings have indicated that curcumin and taurine might have a protective effect against BPA-induced hepatotoxicity in rats.

Keywords

Bisphenol A Curcumin Taurine Liver Antioxidant enzymes Histopathology 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are thankful to Prof. Dr. Yusuf KALENDER and Assoc. Prof. Dr. Fatma Gokce APAYDIN for their interest and support for this study.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declared that they have no conflicts of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Gazi UniversityVocational High School of Health ServicesAnkaraTurkey

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