Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 32, pp 33654–33669 | Cite as

Filler improvement and purification effects of constructed rapid infiltration facility

  • Rui-song Zhao
  • Jia-ke LiEmail author
  • Chao Guo
  • Fan Li
  • Huai-en Li
Research Article


Purification effects of constructed rapid infiltration system with two main fillers (coarse sand or medium coarse sand) and different addition proportion (5%, 10%, or 15%) modifiers (sponge iron, blast furnace slag, or zeolite) on rainwater runoff were studied through filter column tests. A set of constructed rapid infiltration system test device was designed, which included 9 rainwater filter columns. The test results showed that the permeability of artificial fillers blended with modifiers could have the promotion with varying degrees. There were differences in the characteristics of the modifiers, so the artificial fillers blended with different modifiers had a significant difference for the purification effects on each pollutant. In view of the overall situations, the pollutant removal effects of artificial fillers with two or more modifiers had a smaller gap, and the reduction effects were good, ranging from 38.95 to 46.25% when the main filler is coarse sand and from 46.29 to 49.46% while main filler is medium coarse sand. It was worth noting that the artificial fillers blended with sponge iron showed a slight harden after prolonged used; however, it had little influence on the permeability and water purification effects.


Constructed rapid infiltration system Rainwater runoff Purification effects Modifier Permeability 


Funding information

This research was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (no. 51879215) and the Key Research and Development Project of Shaanxi Province (2017ZDXM-SF-073).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Eco-hydraulics in Northwest Arid Region of ChinaXi’an University of TechnologyXi’anChina

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