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Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 32, pp 33683–33693 | Cite as

Degradation mechanism of lignocellulose in dairy cattle manure with the addition of calcium oxide and superphosphate

  • Yingying Cai
  • Yanhua He
  • Kang He
  • Haijun Gao
  • Meijie Ren
  • Guangfei QuEmail author
Research Article
  • 79 Downloads

Abstract

Cellulose and lignin belongs to refractory organic matters in the traditional composting. In this research, the degradation of lignocellulose in dairy cattle manure was investigated through adding calcium oxide (CaO) and superphosphate (SSP). In the presence of CaO and SSP, the degradation rate of cellulose and lignin were improved by 25.0% and 8.33%, respectively. The results indicated that the pH value in system would be slightly higher with the addition of CaO and SSP. Besides, the pH value of all cow manure piles were about 8.4 after composting rotten, which could be well neutralized by the gradually acidified soil in the southwest of China with the full effect of fertilizer released. In addition, the abundance of Bacillales, Actinomycetes, and Thermoactinomycetaceae in the experimental groups (AR) was slightly better than that in the control groups (CK) during composting, which led to a conclusion that an elaborate physical–chemical–multivariate aerobic microorganism evolution model of cellulose degradation products (PCMC) was deduced and the physical–chemical–multivariate aerobic microorganism model of lignin cycle degradation (PCML) was developed.

Keywords

Calcium oxide Cellulose evolution model Lignin degradation model Microbial diversity Superphosphate 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The work was financially supported by the National Major Science and Technology projects (grant no. 2014ZX07105-001); the National Natural Science Foundation of China (no. 21377048).

Supplementary material

11356_2019_6444_MOESM1_ESM.docx (263 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 263 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Environmental Science & EngineeringKunming University of Science &TechnologyKunmingChina

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