Advertisement

Transport and numerical simulation of Cu2+ in saturated porous medium in the presence of magnetic nanoparticles

  • Shihui Song
  • Yinghao Song
  • Mengdi Shi
  • Zheng Hu
  • Tianyu Li
  • Shanshan LinEmail author
Research Article
  • 25 Downloads

Abstract

Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) can control and remove heavy metal pollution from wastewater. This approach has gained broad attention due to its excellent surface properties. However, there have been limited studies for Cu2+ retention and transfer regulation in saturated porous media in the presence of MNPs. The objectives of this study were to analyze the migration and deposition mechanism of Cu2+ under different conditions through static adsorption and numerical models. The results indicated that the MNPs-quartz sand had better adsorption capacity for Cu2+ (59.1 mg/kg) than quartz sand only (26.84 mg/kg), and thus it inhibited the migration of Cu2+; the effect improved with increasing MNP content. Furthermore, high ion strength (IS) and flow velocity were beneficial to the migration of Cu2+, and a high pH inhibited the migration of Cu2+. The numerical simulation results showed that the two-site model (TSM) nicely fitted the migration of Cu2+ in quartz sand and MNPs-sand. The migration of Cu2+ in both media was affected by chemical nonequilibrium. We also found that the presence of MNPs had little impact on the dispersion of porous media by observing the fitting parameters D (dispersion coefficient) 0.202 for both media. Our results can evaluate the risk of heavy metal migration and retention in saturated porous media in the presence of nanoparticles; this can prevent aquifer pollution.

Keywords

Cu2+ Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles Saturated porous medium Static adsorption Transport Numerical simulation 

Notes

Funding information

This study was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC: 41772236) and the Science and Technology Department of Changchun City (17SS027). We thank LetPub (www.letpub.com) for linguistic assistance during the preparation of this manuscript.

References

  1. Akbour RA, Amal H, Ait-Addi A, Doucha J, Jada A, Hamdani M (2013) Transport and retention of humic acid through natural quartz sand: influence of the ionic strength and the nature of divalent cation. Colloids Surf A Physicochem Eng Asp 436:589–598CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Benmoshe T, Dror I, Berkowitz B (2010) Transport of metal oxide nanoparticles in saturated porous media. Chemosphere 81:387–393CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Boxall AB, Tiede K, Chaudhry Q (2007) Engineered nanomaterials in soils and water: how do they behave and could they pose a risk to human health? Nanomedicine 2:919–927CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Brun LA, Maillet J, Hinsinger P, Pépin M (2001) Evaluation of copper availability to plants in copper-contaminated vineyard soils. Environ Pollut 111:293–302CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Ferro-García MA, Rivera-Utrilla J, Bautista-Toledo I, Moreno-Castilla C (1998) Adsorption of humic substances on activated carbon from aqueous solutions and their effect on the removal of Cr (III) ions. Langmuir 14:1880–1886CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Ge F, Li MM, Ye H, Zhao BX (2012) Effective removal of heavy metal ions Cd2+, Zn2+, Pb2+, Cu2+ from aqueous solution by polymer-modified magnetic nanoparticles. J Hazard Mater 211–212:366–372CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Giller KE, Witter E, Mcgrath SP (1998) Toxicity of heavy metals to microorganisms and microbial processes in agricultural soils: a review. Soil Biol Biochem 30:1389–1414CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Girginova PI, Daniel-da-Silva AL, Lopes CB, Figueira P, Otero M, Amaral VS, Pereira E, Trindade T (2010) Silica coated magnetite particles for magnetic removal of Hg2+ from water. J Colloid Interface Sci 345:234–240Google Scholar
  9. Gomez-Pastora J, Bringas E, Ortiz I (2014) Recent progress and future challenges on the use of high performance magnetic nano-adsorbents in environmental applications. Chem Eng J 256:187–204CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hao YM, Chen M, Hu ZB (2010) Effective removal of Cu2+ ions from aqueous solution by amino-functionalized magnetic nanoparticles. J Hazard Mater 184:392–399CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hu J, Chen G, Lo IMC, Asce M (2006) Selective removal of heavy metals from industrial wastewater using maghemite nanoparticle: performance and mechanisms. J Environ Eng ASCE 132:709–715CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Iram M, Chen G, Guan Y, Ishfaq A, Liu H (2010) Adsorption and magnetic removal of neutral red dye from aqueous solution using Fe3O4, hollow nanospheres. J Hazard Mater 181:1039–1050CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kandeler F, Kampichler C, Horak O (1996) Influence of heavy metals on the functional diversity of soil microbial communities. Biol Fertil Soils 23:299–306CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Khan S, Cao Q, Zheng YM, Huang YZ, Zhu YG (2008) Health risks of heavy metals in contaminated soils and food crops irrigated with wastewater in Beijing, China. Environ Pollut 152:686–692CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Lee SM, Laldawngliana C, Tiwari D (2012) Iron oxide nano-particles-immobilized-sand material in the treatment of Cu2+, Cd(II) and Pb(II) contaminated waste waters. Chem Eng J 195–196:103–111CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Liu S, Kong QX, Qiao MJ, Wang J, Chao YL, Lin SS (2015) Enhancing dissolved oxygen and biofilm formation in municipal wastewater treatment systems using magnetic air stone. J Environ Eng- ASCE 04015008-1~5CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Liu LH, Liu JY, Zhao L, Yang ZC, Lv CQ, Xue JR, Tang AP (2019) Synthesis and characterization of magnetic Fe3O4@CaSiO3 composites and evaluation of their adsorption characteristics for heavy metal ions. Environ Sci Pollut Res 26:8721–8736CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Lü H, Wang X, Yang J, Xie Z (2015) One-step synthesis of cdta coated magnetic nanoparticles for selective removal of Cu2+ from aqueous solution. Int J Biol Macromol 78:209–214Google Scholar
  19. Mahdavian AR, Mirrahimi MA (2010) Efficient separation of heavy metal cations by anchoring polyacrylic acid on superparamagnetic magnetite nanoparticles through surface modification. Chem Eng J 159:264–271CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Mercy AE, Okechukwu FO, Julius UA (2018) Preparation and evaluation of adsorbents from coal and irvingia gabonensis seed shell for the removal of Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions from aqueous solutions. Front Chem 5:132Google Scholar
  21. Oliveira LCA, Rios RVRA, Fabris JD, Garg V, Sapag K, Lago RM (2002) Activated carbon/iron oxide magnetic composites for the adsorption of contaminants in water. Carbon 40:2177–2183CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Petcharoen K, Sirivat A (2012) Synthesis and characterization of magnetite nanoparticles via the chemical co-precipitation method. Mater Sci Eng B 177:421–427CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Posner JD (2009) Engineered nanomaterials: where they go, nobody knows. Nano Today 4:114–115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Qi H, Yan B, Li C (2007) Preparation and magnetic properties of magnetite nanoparticles by sol-gel method. J Magn Magn Mater 309:307–311CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Rattan RK, Datta SP, Chhonkar PK, Suribabu K, Singh AK (2005) Long-term impact of irrigation with sewage effluents on heavy metal content in soils, crops and groundwater—a case study. Agric Ecosyst Environ 109:310–322CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Sujoy BR, Dzombak DA (1997) Chemical factors influencing colloid-facilitated transport of contaminants in porous media. Environ Sci Technol 31:656–664CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Wang D, Paradelo M, Bradford SA (2011a) Facilitated transport of Cu with hydroxyapatite nanoparticles in saturated sand: effects of solution ionic strength and composition. Water Res 45:5905–5915CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Wang XS, Zhu L, Lu HJ (2011b) Surface chemical properties and adsorption of Cu (II) on nanoscale magnetite in aqueous solutions. Desalination 276:154–160CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Wang J, Ji HY, Shao M (2018) Evaluation of a logarithmic solution to the convection – dispersion equation obtained from boundary-layer theory. Can J Soil Sci 98:45–54CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Xie YY, Yuan XZ, Wu ZB, Zeng GM, Jiang LB, Peng X, Li H (2019) Adsorption behavior and mechanism of Mg/Fe layered double hydroxide with Fe3O4-carbon spheres on the removal of Pb(II) and Cu(II). J Colloid Interface Sci 536:440–455CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Zahra A, Ahmad DK (2018) Characterization, preparation, and uses of nanomagnetic Fe3O4 impregnated onto fish scale as more efficient adsorbent for Cu2+ ion adsorption. Environ Sci Pollut Res 25:19687–19700CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Zhou D, Wang D, Long C, Hao X, Chu L (2011) Transport and re-entrainment of soil colloids in saturated packed column: effects of pH and ionic strength. J Soils Sediments 11:491–503CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Zhou DD, Jiang XH, Lu Y, Fan W, Huo MX, Crittenden JC (2016) Cotransport of graphene oxide and Cu2+ through saturated porous media. Sci Total Environ 550:717–726CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shihui Song
    • 1
  • Yinghao Song
    • 1
  • Mengdi Shi
    • 1
  • Zheng Hu
    • 1
  • Tianyu Li
    • 1
  • Shanshan Lin
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.School of EnvironmentNortheast Normal UniversityChangchunPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations