Synthesis and characteristics of a novel FeNi3/SiO2/TiO2 magnetic nanocomposites and its application in adsorption of humic acid from simulated wastewater: study of isotherms and kinetics
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The presence of natural organic matter such as humic acid in water creates various problems in water purification. Humic acid can react with chlorine in the disinfection step and lead to the production of trihalomethanes and haloacetic acids that these compounds have carcinogenic and mutagenic properties; therefore, they must be removed before arriving to the disinfection stage. The purpose of this research was adsorption of humic acid from simulated wastewater by synthesized FeNi3/SiO2/TiO2 magnetic nanocomposites. FeNi3/SiO2/TiO2 magnetic nanocomposites were synthesized by sol-gel procedure and its characteristics were determined by TEM, VSM, BET, FESEM, and XRD techniques. Then, the effects of such pH (3–11), FeNi3/SiO2/TiO2 dosage (0.005–0.1 g/L), contact time (0–200 min), and initial concentration (2–15 mg/L) were studied on humic acid adsorption using FeNi3/SiO2/TiO2. The results of adsorption experiments revealed that the highest percentage of humic acid removal (94.4%) was achieved at pH 3, initial concentration of 5 ppm, FeNi3/SiO2/TiO2 dose of 0.1 g/L, and contact time of 90 min. The analyses of experimental isotherm data showed that the humic acid adsorption was described by Langmuir model and also the kinetic studies represented that the process of adsorption of humic acid on FeNi3/SiO2/TiO2 was followed by the pseudo-second kinetic. According to the results, it can be concluded that FeNi3/SiO2/TiO2 magnetic nanocomposites have a high ability to absorb humic acid from simulated wastewater.
KeywordsFeNi3/SiO2/TiO2 magnetic nanocomposites Humic acid Adsorption Isotherm Kinetics
The authors appreciate the Vice President for Research and Technology of Birjand University of Medical Sciences for funding this study.
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